Królestwo Polskie

  • W przededniu narodzin nowoczesnej doktryny państwa prawa? Stosunek polskich liberałów do idei rządów prawa w początkach XIX wieku

    Author: Michał Gałędek
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9538-6860
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-29
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.01
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6101.pdf

    On the Eve of the Birth of the Modern Doctrine of the Legal State? The Attitude of Polish Liberals to the Idea of the Rule of Law at the Beginning of the 19th Century

    The article analyzes the problem of the attitude towards the idea of the rule of law of representatives of the Polish elite at the beginning of the 19th century. The author presents the development of the idea of the rule of law in the introduction. He verifies the thesis that the ideological basis for the concept of the rule of law was the Enlightenment thought on the basis of which the liberal doctrine developed. He used it to seek an answer to the question about the characteristics of the model of government established by the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland of 1815. The author attempted to prove that, since the Kingdom (existing until 1831) with one of the most liberal constitutions in the first half of the 19th century was in force, then this act met all the conditions required for the establishment of the rule of law according to the standards adopted in that century. These considerations conclude with remarks on the further evolution of Polish liberal thought in the 1820s. It began to differ from the liberal assumptions on which the German Rechtstaat doctrine was built. Paradoxically, Rechtstaat concept had much more in common to Polish liberalism in the earlier (proto-liberal) stage of its development in the times of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807–1815) than of the Kingdom of Poland (1815–1831).

  • The Kingdom of Poland - The Postulate of Monarchy Restoration in the Political Thought of Polish Monarchists

    Author: Tomasz Koziełło
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3657-2601
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-52
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.03
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6403.pdf

    The author analyses the political thought of Polish monarchists in the Third Republic concerning the reconstruction of the Kingdom of Poland. The article focuses on such issues as the advantages of monarchy, the features of the monarchist system, the ways of achieving the goal, the king’s competences in the new system, and the possibility of rebuilding the monarchy. According to the author, for 30 years, Polish monarchists have been working comprehensively to win supporters for the idea of rebuilding the monarchy and are preparing for the moment when the political transformation will be possible.

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