labor market

  • Współczesna kobieta na rynku pracy i jej rola w społeczeństwie

    Author: Sabina Klimek
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 299-313
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ksm/18/ksm201321.pdf

    Women are conquering the world, they have access to education and take ad­vantage of this situation: there are more female students than male ones in the European Union, more and more women begin to obtain managerial po­sitions, more and more of them is willing to be active in politics, culture and most of all they aim at being independent, sharing their time between profes­sional carrier and taking care of their homes’ well-being. Stereotype images of both men and women that we find in every-day life, influence in a negative way our behavior, life aspirations and goals, as well as a picture of ourselves.

    Now, more women (65% of all) than men study at the universities and an average Polish man is less educated than an average Polish woman. In spite of that, the men earned in 2010 per person more by 15% than women. In 2012 only 12,2% management board members of the Polish stock exchange com­panies were women. In the world, only one out of ten top‑level managers was a woman.

    European Economic and Social Committee claims that the increase of wo­men’s activity on the job market is not only a matter of equality but a condition of the welfare of society and job creation in the European Union as well as the essential factor of the sustainable growth.

  • Generationally Diversified Labor Groups in Contemporary Labor Market. A Chance or a Threat for Organizations?

    Author: Rafał Muster
    Institution: University of Silesia (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 170-188
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020210.pdf

    Demographic changes connected with aging of Polish society shall determine the situation in the labor market to an ever-growing extent. The increase of average lifespan in combination with limited options of early retirement and smaller supply of employees shall lead to higher percentage of personnel aged 60 and more inside organizations. All these factors signify that more and more frequently contemporary companies shall function with personnel characterized by a truly large age gap. Undoubtedly, age of employees significantly influences their attitude to work, system of values, loyalty toward both the co-workers and the employer, as well their professional ambitions. In spite of these major differences, individuals from various generations will be forced to cooperate in the same teams. This article presents partial results of empiric studies dealing with the issue of generational diversification of human resources conducted in local labor market of the city of Ruda Śląska, both among the employees and employers. Opinions of employees and employers concerning the quality of mutual cooperation of individuals characterized by large age differences have been analyzed and simultaneously potential opportunities for mutual learning of employees belonging to different age groups have been presented.

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