• Minority Government and Legislative Politics in Poland, 1989–2007

    Author: Robert Radek
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 22-33
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.02
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6302.pdf

    One of the scientifically interesting questions is explaining the functioning and effectiveness of the minority government. An analysis of Polish governments (1989–2007) finds mixed support for the importance of parliamentary procedural mechanisms. Yet an analysis of the Polish government after the collapse of communism reveals that a governing party with a central position in the party system can indeed shift alliances and maintain quite effective governance. Additionally, the evidence indicates that minority governments may also rely on alliances across parliament deputies who want prolong the term of office as long as possible. The article concentrates also on duration and legislative effectiveness of Polish minority cabinets.

  • The Influence of Catholic Interest Groups in Poland on Draft Legislation Concerning Civil Unions (2011–2014)

    Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 156-168
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.10
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6310.pdf

    The main purpose of this article is to demarcate the influence of Catholic interest groups in Poland on the attempts to introduce legislation that would regulate the legal status of civil unions. Catholic interest groups are defined as an association of individuals, organisations or institutions which articulate postulates of the Catholic Church. In order to fulfil their agendas, these groups, especially pro-life groups, apply various methods of lobbying, persuasion or moral sanction. The article includes the author’s own typology of influence of these groups on political institutions and their environment. Selected methods of influence were applied during debates in the Sejm on the draft bills concerning legalization of civil unions, including those between people of the same sex. Catholic interest groups opposed those regulations.

  • Development of Justice and Transformation of Judicial Authorities in Slovakia after 1989

    Author: Branislav Bujňák
    E-mail: brano.bujnak@gmail.com
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0662-7221
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 431-442
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.32
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5732.pdf

    In this article, the author tries to point out the problems of the legal system and democratic society after 1989 in the condition of Slovak Republic and ultimately almost in all the countries of post-Communist period. The aim of this work is to point out the development of justice and judicial authorities in Slovakia since 1989 and its current state. The result should be the naming of all elements influencing the judiciary, decision-making activity of court in the context of the directive and the rules of the European Community. The next point is the description of the independence and connection of the judiciary and its offices to state power and related isues. Also, the autor describes to the establishment of the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic as the highest office of the judiciary in the Slovak Republic, its competences, powers and functioning. In the same way there are listed other offices without which the judiciary as such could not function like Prosecutor’s Office of the Slovak Republic, Slovak Bar Association, Notary Chamber of the Slovak Republic and Slovak Chamber of Executors. At the end of the article the author evaluates the development of justice in the context of an ever-evolving democratic society.

  • Activities of Civil Servants: Features of Evaluation in Ukraine

    Author: Valeria Fostikova
    E-mail: fostikova_v@ukr.net
    Institution: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9542-8768
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-59
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20200304
    PDF: ksm/27/ksm2704.pdf

    The article is devoted to the study of the regulatory framework for evaluating the activities of civil servants in Ukraine. In particular, the Law of Ukraine «On Civil Service» is analyzed, as well as the «Procedure for evaluation of civil servants performance results». The purpose of the article is to systematize the principles, procedures and features of evaluating the activities of civil servants, which should help increase the effectiveness of their professional competencies, as well as the functioning of personnel management services in public institutions. The research methodology is based on systemic and structuralfunctional approaches. One of the tasks of the study is to identify the negative aspects of current legislation. It is proved that the procedure of appealing the negative conclusion of the evaluation of the performance of a civil servant needs to be clarified, as well as the algorithm of his/her dismissal in case of receiving a negative evaluation. The peculiarities of evaluating the performance of civil servants who hold public office positions of category «A», «B» and «С» are analyzed.

  • Parliamentary Parties and the Anti-Abortion Laws in Poland (1991–2019)

    Published online: 21 June 2021
    Final submission: 11 May 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
    E-mail: krzysztof.kowalczyk@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5910-4854
    Source: Show
    Page no: 9
    Pages: 27-35
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202118
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202118.pdf

    This article aims to analyze the approach of Polish parliamentary parties to the anti-abortion legislation in 1991-2019 on the level of their ideological programmes. Classification of political parties concerning their ideological families has been proposed. Next, the article presents a typology based on the party’s attitude to the discussed problem, distinguishing the following categories of parties: the proponents of apportioning, the opponents of abortion, heterogeneous parties, and parties that do not express an opinion on this issue.

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