CONNECTIVISM: FROM THE PREMISES TO THE BEYOND
This article offers an outline of Connectivism (Connettivismo), one of the most recent Italian literary movements. It began in 2004 as a particular expression of Italian literature at the beginning of the 21st century, in a historical context characterised by the relevant influence of the Internet on literary texts and by the flourishing of intense debate on several literary blogs. In the initial part of the article, the history of Connectivism is illustrated, with specific reference to its main publications and its Manifesto. The core themes of Connectivism are the interplay between science, technology and humanistic culture; the interaction between human beings and IT components; the new challenges of ecology; the dimension of the Depth, mainly according to Jungian psychology; and the theme examined here: the concept of the Beyond. The Beyond has a twofold meaning, referring to the limit and purpose of human knowledge—in relation to the boundaries of the exploration of the universe—and to the dimension of the intuitive comprehension of the spiritual roots of Being. Towards this end, passages by Connectivist authors, critics who studied the movement and classical authors who inspired the Connectivist poetics (such as Stanisław Lem and Giovanni Papini) are compared here.