• Grupy interesu w polskim systemie politycznym

    Author: Kamil Makowski
    E-mail: camey@poczta.onet.eu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.06.01
    PDF: ppk/22/ppk2201.pdf

    There is an inextricable link between interest groups and the Polish state. Their origins can be traced back to the emergence of collective interests. As the state developed, interest groups advanced their organizational forms and secured more prominent influence on public policy. In the beginnings, interest groups played similar role as political parties. Eventually, their activities diverged and differences became apparent. The term „interest group” began to reflect an organized group of people pursuing particular interests of their members. That allowed to draw a demarcation line between political party and interest group based on the type of affairs they are engaging in, i.e. public versus particular, respectively. The importance of interest groups in democracy cannot be underestimated. It is argued that their participation in policy making improves the quality of law, as they are able to supply legislators with relevant data and analyses concerning particular social issues. However, in some instances, activities of interest groups are far from desirable in a democratic society. The most obvious threat stems from ability to corrupt government representatives vested with powers in policy making. Moreover, this particular characteristic is responsible for a negative image of different interest groups in society.

  • Legal Regulation of Lobbying in Poland: Key Issues

    Author: Rafał Willa
    E-mail: rafalw@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1373-3823
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 245-254
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.18
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5718.pdf

    What proves to be characteristic of the democratic system is the fact that it constantly witnesses various tensions between authorities, opposition, citizens, diverse legal subjects, advocacy groups, etc. Their disputes concern changing or upholding the existing legal environment, which is unavoidable in this case. This situation is not surprising or improper as lobbying understood in this way is an immanent, often useful part of the system. However, what may be puzzling is the fact that democratic political systems are characterized by the variety of attitudes adopted by authorities toward the practice - from pretending it does not exist (and thus requires no regulations) to implementing regulations of a highly general nature. Poland experiences both the practice itself and the attempts to legally regulate it. The aim of the article is to critically analyze the existing situation.

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