middle school age

  • The Possibility for a Teacher to Reduce a Sense of Helplessness in Polish Language and Maths Lessons in the Fifth Year of Learning in Primary School

    Author: Maria Deptuła
    E-mail: deptula.maria1@gmail.com
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3888-7623
    Author: Szymon Borsich
    E-mail: sz.borsich@gmail.com
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9635-7087
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.04
    PDF: kie/134/kie13404.pdf

    The article presents the results of empirical research, conducted according to quantitative strategy, on the significance for the level of school helplessness of the conditions of psychosocial development created for pupils in their fifth year of learning in primary school in relationships with teachers and peers and in relation to the grades received in Polish language and math classes throughout the school year. The regression analysis indicated that relationships with teachers exert the stronger impact on the level of helplessness, followed by school grades, and relationships with peers. The teacher can influence each of these factors. This means that the chances that pupils have of fulfilling the developmental task for the age of 7 to 12, in accordance with Erik H. Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development, are largely dependent on the teacher. Not only the successes in subsequent life stages but also the motivation to learn, creativity, flexibility of thinking and acting, persistence, and the emotions accompanying pupils while learning are dependent on a sense of competence. The care and attention of teachers given to ensure that every pupil can develop their competences and sense of agency according to their potential is in the interests of pupils, teachers, and society alike.

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