The article focuses on the issue of restrictions on active and passive electoral law according to the place of residence. The article discusses regulations on the census of residence that have been in force since 1989. Changes to the electoral law related to the place of residence were caused by the Polish accession to the European Union. This involved the granting of voting rights in elections to the European Parliament and partly in the local elections, to those citizens of the EU who live in Poland. This article shows a problem of proper verification of residence in the electoral process too. The author notices also that existing solutions concerning the census of residence in the local government election law should be changed, because the current ones do not correspond with reality.