military service

  • Soldier Woman. Woman in the Arms of the Mars

    Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 165-177
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2013/rop201310.pdf

    A term „violence”, despite transformations of the meanings, has always been connected with relations between genders, and as such, what it means in a given society to be a woman and a man and which economic, social and psychological relations have been assigned to these categories. At least since the 18th century, unequal share of the power between men and women has been justified with, among others, a different share of “passion” and different potential of violence. A real power ready to use violence should be focused on the men side while a tasks of women should be neutralizing men’s readiness to use violence, achieved by subjecting themselves to men. For thousands of years military battles have been almost exclusively a man’s privilege. Even 100 years ago, women did not have a right to vote even in western countries with the longest democratic traditions. Today, giving a woman the highest office in a state is not unusual. So can we talk about a fall of the patriarchy and replacing men by women even in such man fields as war and military battles?

  • Constitutional Aspects of the General Duty of Defense the Fatherland in Poland

    Author: Konrad Kędzierski
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 293-305
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/66/ppk6622.pdf

    The author presents the constitutional aspects of the general duty of defense of the Fatherland in accordance with Polish law. The article is based on a comparative legal analysis of the provisions of the Constitution relating to the above-mentioned issue and, supplementarily, of the Act on the general obligation to defend the Republic of Poland. The work is theoretical and legal. At the beginning he analyzes the history and evolution of the concept of general duty of defense from the period of independence to the present day. The following part of the article presents the issue of the general duty of defense from the subjective and objective point of view. The author also presents normative acts which, apart from the constitution, regulate the issues of the general duty of defense. In addition, it indicates a number of entities that perform tasks in the field of defense, powers and competences.

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