modernization

  • Perspektywy modernizacji białoruskiej energetyki w latach 2011–2016

    Author: Arkadiusz Czwołek
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-128
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014106
    PDF: npw/06/npw2014106.pdf

    The paper attempts to estimate chances for modernisation of the Byelorussian Energy system in the years 2011–2016. In accordance with the government strategy, in 2015 Byelorussia is to become an energy independent country. The ambitious government plan provides for modernisation of several tens of power facilities. It also aims at reducing the dependence of the domestic energy sector on Russian energy sources. However, the modernisation plans of the energy system include a significant risk, as their financing largely depends on obtaining foreign loans. The current implementation rate of the government strategy indicates that chances for modernising the outdated Byelorussian energy system are small. Only commissioning of a nuclear power plant will end Byelorussian problems with electric power shortages.

  • Fontenelle and Russia. Creation of the Petrine myth in eighteenth-century France

    Author: Marek Mosakowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 220-229
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201713
    PDF: cip/15/cip1513.pdf

    In 1725 Fontenelle, a French writer, philosopher and member of the Académie des sciences, wrote Éloge du Czar Pierre Ier to commemorate the recent death of Peter the Great and at the same time to glorify the reforms undertaken by the late Russian Czar to modernize his country. By virtue of this text Fontenelle succeeded in creating the Petrine myth, subsequently popularized in France by other outstanding figures of the French Enlightenment infatuated with Russia, which in the course of the eighteenth century was undergoing unprecedented socio-political transformation. Our article aims to show how Fontenelle constructed this myth and what rhetorical devices he employed to advance and later to promote it in France of his times.

  • Problemy współczesnych migracji na przykładzie doświadczeń Polaków w Szkocji

    Author: Tomasz Leszniewski
    Author: Piotr Krakowiak
    Author: Tomasz Biernat
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.03.01
    PDF: kie/117/kie11701.pdf

    This article attempts to reflect on three crucial issues concerning migration research. First of all, we seek the answer to the question: what is a specific problem of migration in sociology and in theoretical and methodological approach? For this purpose we reach to the roots of Polish researches of migrants, by Florian Znaniecki and Józef Chałasiński. Secondly, we try to reconstruct the map of current migration problems as is the effect of reviewing the literature of the subject. We pay particular attention to research on migration issues in the UK. Thirdly, we attempt to present our own research approach to Polish emigrants’ problems by using two basical categories: adaptation and integration. The subject of further empirical investigations will be the factors which facilitate or block these processes.

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