myth

  • Post–Yugoslav Collective Memory: Between National and Transnational Myths

    Author: Magdalena Rekść
    E-mail: mreksc@o2.pl
    Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 73-84
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016006
    PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016006.pdf

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the image of Yugoslavia in the collective memories of the post–Yugoslav societies. The author of this text, basing on an assumption that every society has a great number of collective memories, highlights the fact that among the Balkan nations one can find both supporters and opponents not only of the SFRY but also of the idea of the cooperation among the Southern Slavs. Both positive and negative opinions of Yugoslavia in the collective memories are based not on the sober assessment of the historical facts but on collective emotions and historical and political myths. The anti–Yugoslav discourse in primarily based on the national mythology. The discourse of the supporters of the Yugoslav tradition one the other hand, goes back in a large extend to the transnational myths. By discussing these two types of ideas about Yugoslavia, the author of this text tries to show their impact on the current political decisions.

  • Viaggiatori polacchi in Italia oggi: tra pellegrinaggio e decostruzione del mito

    Author: Joanna Ugniewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 339-351
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2014.05.16
    PDF: iw/05/iw516.pdf

    TODAY’S POLISH JOURNEYS TO ITALY - BETWEEN A PILGRIMAGE AND DECONSTRUCTION OF A MYTH

    The article takes as its starting point Pavel Muratov’s book Images of Italy, considered a fundamental text for Polish accounts of travels to Italy in the 20th century. For the generation of Iwaszkiewicz and Herbert, a journey to Italy meant a true pilgrimage to “sacred places of culture”, accompanied by a strong sense of cultural inferiority. The next generation of Wojciech Karpiński and Ewa Bieńkowska treats the experience of a journey as a return to a common home, to the Italian that is European tradition marked with the great names of its predecessors. The youngest authors, Marek Zagańczyk and Adam Szczuciński, continue this tradition that may be called aesthetical, which is on the other hand contested by Dariusz Czaja, exploring another Italy little known to travellers - Calabria and, Basilicata - and opposing the model of a journey viewed as a continuous reference to others’ texts.

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