narratives

  • Promotion of National Heroes as Civic Role-Models during Democratisation

    Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
    E-mail: p.wawrzynski@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 101-111
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.08
    PDF: tner/201802/tner20180208.pdf

    The paper considers the relationship between remembrance narratives on national heroes and proliferation of political attitudes, values and behaviours during democratisation. It discusses the impact of interpretations of the past on the development of civil society in the context of public education as an instrument of identity politics. Comparing the experiences of Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland, South Africa and Spain, the authors present the role of national heroes in the legitimisation of behaviours and attitudes, new elites and national unity. The discussed results prove that the establishment of a pro-democratic system of civic education increases chances for successful consolidation of democracy in post-authoritarian countries.

  • Family involvement in schooling. A North Portugal Portrait by elementary students

    Author: Thiago Freires
    Author: Fátima Pereira
    Author: Carolina Santos
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 52-61
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.44.2.04
    PDF: tner/201602/tner20160204.pdf

    Family involvement in education is highlighted as a  key factor to boost students’ success. In this paper, we analyze ninth-graders’ discourses on how they see family participation in school-related activities. data derive from 38 biographical interviews involving students from eight public schools from North Portugal. Following a  narrative approach, findings emphasize that active involvement of parents make up a  fundamental dimension for the consolidation of educational projects. data reveal that mothers play a leader role in the educational setting, while fathers’ lack of participation can impact negatively on students’ trajectories. In addition, research indicates that an extended family can emerge as crucial to the maintenance of a schooling project.

  • Strategic communications: current state within security and defence sector

    Author: Viktoria Kushnir
    E-mail: mou-infopress@ukr.net
    Institution: National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0805-4092
    Author: Iryna Izhutova
    E-mail: perevod_vu@ukr.net
    Institution: National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2614-7014
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 68-77
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021205
    PDF: rop/16/rop1605.pdf

    In the current dynamic world the strategic communications (STRATCOM) mean a comprehensive process which is aimed at developing, promoting, and distributing the required narratives and messages of any organization in order to form and ensure its positive image, inform counterparts (adversaries) and target audiences of the organization’s intents and positions, main tasks and achievements. While implementing the STRATCOM, it is very important to remember about their main rules and principles which are unique for both security and defence sector and business. Unfortunately, in the current “hybrid” measurement sometimes we should realize the effectiveness of the SC activities, thus it is necessary to define the measurements of effectiveness and performance for effective evaluation of activities. Ukraine has been repelling the aggression in the Eastern Ukraine since 2014 within massive hybrid warfare against it. This fact has caused the initiating a range of reform and innovative processes in Ukraine. Since then, we have known about the STRATCOM in Ukraine. In (Historical retrospective analysis of formation and development of strategic communications in security and defence sector of Ukraine) we have analyzed the process of development of the SC in security and defence sector. This process was speeded and pressed up by the warfare. Moreover, it was implemented in line with existing NATO principles and standards. Even the definition and concept of the STRATCOM were taken from the NATO documents. However, the reality reveals the necessity to revise the term definition and consider the implementation of business processes related to communications in security and defence sector. Some nations have already passed through this transformation and changed the approach to their SC. Even NATO Military Policy on Strategic Communications MC 0628 was successfully used until 2014. It is the STRATCOM baseline documents and it needed to be revised (NATO and Strategic Communications. The story so far. The Three Swords Magazine 33/2018. pp. 65–73). In the article the authors make some proposals how to improve the STRATCOM definition and improve the whole process of their realization.

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