nation

  • Reflections over the Legal and Constitutional Status of Transnistria

    Author: Viktoriya Serzhanova
    E-mail: viktoria@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-86
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.04
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4004.pdf

    The present legal status of Transnistria neither seems to be obvious, nor distinctly determined. Its estimation in the context of the region’s statehood has been a subject of disputes of, and divides at the same time, the theorists of state, international lawyers, as well as experts in international relations and political sciences. The hereby paper is an attempt of making the analysis of the selected issues determining Transdniester’s status, first and foremost from the perspective of the theory of state and constitutional law, but also taking into account the international law point of view. It aims at finding an answer to the question on its legal and constitutional status as it is seen by both the unrecognized Transnistria’s state and Moldavia. The subject of the work contains the analysis of the elements of a state’s definition in the context of Transnistria. Moreover, it comprises considerations over the right of nations to self-determination and the problem of sovereignty as regards to the region. It also concentrates on the analysis of Transnistria’s status based on the Moldavian legislation, as well as different possibilities and opportunities/chances to solve the conflict lasting for almost thirty years.

  • The Political Philosophy of “the Nation”: Idea, Reality, and the Constitution

    Author: Piotr Ahmad
    Institution: University of Winnipeg
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-21
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.01
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6001.pdf

    When we think of our understanding of the category of ‘the nation’, turning to the most important official document and source for which this category is central – namely, the constitution of the modern democratic state – could yield new insights into how the category of ‘nation’ could be understood and interpreted. No other document is focused on ‘the nation’ and/or ‘the people’ to such an extent and, likewise, no other act seems so dependent on a particular understanding of the term of ‘the nation’/‘the people’. In this study, I decided to analyze how specific constitutions of selected democratic states (particularly in Europe) choose to define the category of ‘the people’/‘the nation’, and why, providing contemporary explanations as well as exploring relevant historical background of how the understanding of this capital category came to be shaped. This perspective serves as lens through which I examine ‘the nation’ as a sociological and political category.

  • REFLEKSJE NA TEMAT NARODU I PAŃSTWA W POLSKIEJ MYŚLI POLITYCZNEJ

    Author: SEBASTIAN PACZOS
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso140203
    PDF: hso/7/hso703.pdf

  • Roman Rybarski o ustroju politycznym w latach 1918-1926

    Author: Jan Waskan
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9321-9196
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 76-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201906
    PDF: cip/17/cip1706.pdf

    Roman Franciszek Rybarski (1887-1942) należał do wybitnych teoretyków i działaczy Narodowej Demokracji. Pozostawił szereg prac z zakresu ekonomii, prawa i polityki. Wśród tych ostatnich szczególne miejsce zajmują Naród, jednostka i klasa oraz Siła i prawo. Był prezesem Klubu Narodowego w Sejmie w latach 1928-1935 oraz przywódcą frakcji liberalnej zwanej grupą „starych” lub „profesorską” w Stronnictwie Narodowym. W artykule przedstawiono jego poglądy dotyczące problematyki ustrojowej. W pierwszym okresie istnienia niepodległej Rzeczypospolitej do 1922 r. Rybarski zdecydowanie opowiada się za ustrojem demokracji parlamentarnej i ideą państwa narodowego. Wybory 1922 r. i porażka w Zgromadzeniu Narodowym przy wyborze prezydenta Gabriela Narutowicza oraz tragiczne skutki jego śmierci powodują, że Rybarski, jak i inni działacze endeccy, dostrzegają że do niedawna tak bliski im parlamentaryzm staje się zgubny dla Polski. Rozpoczyna się jego krytyka, Rybarski podkreślał, że konstytucja doprowadza do krańcowości i absurdu zasadę rządów parlamentarnych. Niezadowolenie przeniosło się na wszystkie klasy i warstwy. Domagano się zmian, które stawały się koniecznością chwili.

  • Between Nation-Building and Contestation for Power: The Place of Party Politics in Nigeria, 1923-2019

    Author: Adetunji Ojo Ogunyemi
    E-mail: motunji@gmail.com
    Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Nigeria)
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020404
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020404.pdf

    By May 29, 2019, Nigeria’s Fourth Republic and democracy had achieved an unprecedented 20 unbroken years of active partisan politics and representative democracy. The First Republic had lasted barely three years (1963-1966); the Second Republic and its democratic institutions lasted just four years (1979-1983) while the Third Republic (19921993) could barely hold its head for one year. Hence, by mid-2019, not many analysts have congratulated Nigeria for its longest democratic experience since its independence from Britain in 1960, but hardly did any of them identify the core reasons for such a sustained rule of democratic ethos for two decades. In this paper, we show the origin and practice of political parties in Nigeria. We argue that the country had succeeded in its Fourth Republic as a democratic country because its law and constitution together with the political culture of the people had permitted multiparty democracy by which governments had been formed, political inclusion and popular participation ensured, and public policies initiated. We also present an analysis of party politicking in the country from its beginning in 1923 and conclude that Nigeria has achieved meaningful and sustainable dividends of democracy in her Fourth Republic because of a maturing culture of partisan politics.

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