National Assembly

  • Spór o istnienie naturalnego porządku prawnego

    Author: Jerzy Jaskiernia
    E-mail: jerzyj@hot.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018108
    PDF: tpom/27/tpom2708.pdf

    Dispute about Existence of Natural Legal Oder

    The author analyses genesis and development of natural law and its contemporary meaning He rise a question why Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997 do not expose a highest position of natural law in country’s legal order. Constitution in several places, including preamble, is based on natural law axiology. The National Assembly, which passed a Constitution had a problem with definition of “natural legal order”. As long as such a clause has not precise legal meaning, it would be difficult to situate such a norm in the Constitution which is directly applied (art. 8.2 of Constitution). A hesitancy to introduce highest position of natural law was additionally connected with the centerleft characteristic of the National Assembly elected in 1993. Once attitudes of Polish people has changed toward center-right orientation, that may influence a new look on the question of situating a natural law in the Constitution when pressure to its change will occur.

  • Parlament a parlamentarismus v budování a proměnách československé státnosti

    Author: Ondřej Felcman
    E-mail: ondrej.felcman@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2706-201X
    Author: Tomáš Hradecký
    E-mail: tomas.hradecky@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4488-2266
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 32-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190403
    PDF: hso/23/hso2303.pdf

    The study focuses on the importance of the Parliament’s involvement in construction of the Czechoslovak state. With the exception of the German occupation, as the legislature of the Czechoslovak Republic, the National Assembly played an important role in affecting its republican and democratic character. The article discusses two of the most important stages of the formation of the Czechoslovak statehood. First is the Interwar period when the Czechoslovak statehood demonstrated features typical of parliamentary democracy with assumed parliamentary power, followed by the 1960s when the common state of the Czechs and Slovaks developed on a federal level.

  • Evolution of the Constitutional Organ on the Example of the Polish National Assembly

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    E-mail: rgrabowski@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: College of Social Sciences University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3362-7363
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 75-86
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.05
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5705.pdf

    The Polish National Assembly is a constitutional governing body, endowed with unique powers that cannot be exercised by any other body. However, the status of the Assembly as a separate state organ raises doubts. Since the restoration of the Assembly, its position in the system has changed significantly, which was related to the multiple modification of the competences of this organ. The evolution of this organ in 1989-2020 allows treating it as an interesting research case. Especially since the competences of the National Assembly are crucial for ensuring the continuity of state power.

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