national security

  • The U.S. Secret Service History, Mission and Role in the Homeland Security Strategy

    Author: Magdalena Wiśniewska
    Institution: University of Humanities and Sciences in Kielce (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 209–228
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014012
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014012.pdf

    The United States Secret Service is an American federal law enforcement agency that is part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Until March 1, 2003, the Secret Service was part of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The Secret Service has two distinct areas of responsibility: Financial Crimes, covering missions such as prevention and investigation of counterfeiting of U.S. currency and U.S. treasury securities, and investigation of major fraud; Protection, which entails ensuring the safety of current and former national leaders and their families, such as the President, former presidents, vice presidents, presidential candidates, visiting heads of state and foreign embassies. Protecting national leaders, visiting heads of state and government, designated sites and National Special Security Events has become more complex with the evolution of conventional and non-conventional weapons and technology. In meeting new challenges, the Secret Service will continue to provide progressive training, devise and implement sound security plans, measures, equipment and systems to ensure the safety of individuals, sites and events under Secret Service protection. Th e Secret Service’s unique investigative and protective mission is sustained by a strong, multi-tiered infrastructure of science, technology and information systems; administrative, professional and technical expertise; and management systems and processes.

  • The National security of France in White Papers on Defense. Continuity or change?

    Author: Karolina J. Helnarska
    Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 268-278
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013017
    PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013017.pdf

    France after World War II was in a difficult situation. This involved a loss of position, not only as a superpower in the world but in Europe. Superpower, the global position of France, decided to rebuild, after the new president was elected in June 1959, Gen. Ch. de Gaulle. According to his conception of a foreign policy for France it should have a global dimension, supported by the independent French defense not only as a conventional but also nuclear power. Gen. Ch. De Gaulle took the position that France having regard to its independence in the political, military, economic and cultural center should not submit to any of the blocks. Independence in the foreign policy of France was understood as the freedom to determine their own place in the world, freely determine their fate, the defense of vital national interests and full freedom in the choice of ends, means and methods of foreign policy.

  • Od koncepcji do Strategii Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego Ukrainy Ewolucja polityki bezpieczeństwa narodowego Ukrainy w latach 1991–2012

    Author: Marcin Prokop
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 27-41
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014201
    PDF: npw/07/npw2014202.pdf

    The geopolitical situation of Ukraine and the threats of the modern world, such as international terrorism, organized crime, illegal emigration, as well as international and internal conflicts necessitate conducting an effective foreign policy and national security policy. Choosing the vector of its foreign policy, Ukraine also made a choice of the concept of its national security. The analysis of the concept of national security of Ukraine in the years 1991–2012 allows to verify the thesis put forward in the introduction of the paper that the evolution of the concept of the national security policy in a significant way mirrors the evolution of the foreign policy of Ukraine. Both the security policy and the foreign policy can be described as having multiple polarity, balancing between the Euro-Atlantic and the Euro-Asian spheres of influence.

  • Provoking Debate on Central European Security

    Author: Wojciech Michnik
    E-mail: wmichnik@gmail.com
    Institution: American University in the Emirates (UAE)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 123–125
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018109
    PDF: ppsy/47-1/ppsy2018109.pdf

    The seminar focused on the Security Challenges in Central Europe organised by PPSY was held in Toruń on February 21, 2017. The leading topic of this event could not have been apter as the last years in the region brought back serious questions about stability and security of the region. From the domestic challenges – like the rise of populist movements; to more resurgent foreign policy of Russian Federation; instability of so-called Eastern flank; through the questions about coherence of both NATO and the European Union – Central European states found themselves in a situation unprecedented since the end of the Cold War. It can be even argued that Central Europe come to strategic crossroads that would determine future of the regions and its countries in particular.

  • MILITARY FORCE IN CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL REALITY

    Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
    E-mail: jarekpiatek@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 44-59
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2015/rop201504.pdf

    For the purposes of this article it has been assumed that the army should not become an autonomous constituent of the state’s structure, since this would pose a threat of taking over a dominant position by this specific formation. The aim of the article is to analyze the modification of the reasons for the outbreak of war, and the means of conducting it. The ongoing changes in the security environment, both in national and worldwide scale, as well as the proceeding national interests of our country imply increasingly advanced tasks for the army and considerably extend their range. The process of transformation in the Polish army is being continued. Further changes are targeted at increasing operational capability in order to enable efficient accomplishment of domestic tasks and performing missions outside its borders. In the contemporary international reality there is a prevailing conviction, that the threat of the outbreak of a global-scale war is rather unlikely. However, other jeopardies and risks have recently come to the fore.

  • Myśl polityczna polskiego konspiracyjnego ruchu narodowego w czasie II wojny światowej

    Author: mgr Piotr Kurzawa
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 324-354
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201716
    PDF: siip/16/siip1616.pdf

    Political thought of polish underground national movement during World War II

    Nationalists were one of the numerous Polish political movements during World War II. Actively engaging in the fight against the occupying forces, they suffered heavy losses, but does not prevent them in the creation of significant heritage in the field of political thought. The aim of the article is to present the political thought of Polish national movement during the Second World War. Historical, qualitative and comparative methods were used. The whole has been divided into several parts,, in which author examines the with issues of political thought as: Polish war aims, vision of state borders, ratio to national minorities, vision of the political system, economic vision, vision of national security, education and upbringing. The whole article has to show how rich the heritage of those generations.

  • Wyzwania w sferze wyznaniowej w koncepcji bezpieczeństwa narodowego Ukrainy po rewolucji godności

    Author: Antonina Kozyrska
    E-mail: kozyrska@umk.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-32
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181701
    PDF: npw/17/npw1701.pdf

    The challenges in the confessional sphere in a concept of national security of Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity

    The new concept of the national security of Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity considered the challenges in the confessional sphere as well. They were considered as a part of humanitarian or cultural security. The threatening in this industry was mostly regarded as the result of “soft” instruments of Russia’s impact on the Ukrainian society, particularly in the Crimea and Donbass areas, which are not controlled by Kiev. Such an activity was aimed at fomenting of religious grounds and inter-confessional and social conflicts. This led to the strengthening of separatism, the destabilization of the internal situation and the depreciation of the international image of Ukraine. Considering such threatening, the main tasks were: to neutralize Russian propaganda within the country and abroad through the UOC- MP and the ROC, to oppose to anti-Ukrainian activity of quasi-Church organizations, to improve the legislation and the communication between religious associations, the state and society, to harmonize the inter-ethnic relations, and to increase the level of religious tolerance. As the necessary means of limiting the Russian presence in the humanitarian sphere, the building of Ukrainian Local Orthodox Church was the priority challenge.

  • Strategiczne siły jądrowe Federacji Rosyjskiej

    Author: Jarosław Affek
    Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Ofi cerska Wojsk Lądowych im. gen. Tadeusza Kościuszki we Wrocławiu
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64–86
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.50.04
    PDF: apsp/50/apsp5004.pdf

    W artykule przedstawione zostały Strategiczne Siły Jądrowe Federacji Rosyjskiej (SSJ FR), ich rola w rosyjskiej doktrynie obronnej oraz zasadnicze wyposażenie i uzbrojenie. Celem artykułu jest dokonanie oceny potencjału bojowego SSJ, a także próba wywiedzenia stąd przyszłych możliwości oraz roli, jaką SSJ mają do odegrania w doktrynie obronnej Federacji Rosyjskiej w zmieniających się uwarunkowaniach międzynarodowych. Autor przedstawił na tle historycznym aktualny stan i potencjał rosyjskich SSJ. W artykule opisane zostały wszystkie trzy komponenty SSJ Rosji, czyli Wojska Rakietowe Strategicznego Przeznaczenia, strategiczne atomowe okręty podwodne – nosiciele rakiet balistycznych oraz Lotnictwo Dalekiego Zasięgu wraz z ich zasadniczymi systemami uzbrojenia. Scharakteryzowane zostały zasadnicze kategorie i typy środków przenoszenia strategicznej broni nuklearnej oraz wskazana ich prawdopodobna przyszłość. W tym kontekście podjęta została próba przedstawienia przedsięwzięć podejmowanych przez rosyjskie władze, mających na celu modernizację dotychczas posiadanych oraz wdrażanie nowo opracowywanych systemów uzbrojenia strategicznego.

  • National Security and Public Administration in Modern Political Systems

    Author: Victoriia Zagurska-Antoniuk
    E-mail: kgn.zvf@gmail.com
    Institution: Zhytomyr Polytechnic State University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3334-4494
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020106
    PDF: rop/11/rop1106.pdf

    The article deals with the problem of national security in the contemporary world which is greatly influenced by the process of globalization and digitalization. The paper highlights the role of national security in modern state building. The following issue has been of great interest to many outstanding scientists worldwide especially since the beginning of the XXI century. However, the subject matter of national security in the system of public administration has not been clearly defined yet. Therefore, the paper analyzes the approaches to define national security and points out its distinctive features. Moreover, it emphasizes the fact that at the level of national, regional and global relations the concept of national security is often associated with security strategies. Thus, the article puts emphasis on the predominant characteristics that help to distinguish between these two concepts. In addition, the research clarifies the characteristic features of national security as well as state security. Security, like many other categories of social sciences, does not have a conclusive definition. What is more, the category of security has an interdisciplinary significance. Therefore, scientists define it in accordance with the subject matter and the specifics of cognition and research. Nevertheless, many outstanding scholars view security as an anthropocentric category related to man’s socialessence and value. Accordingly, security presupposes having freedom from the risk, danger and the threat of change to the worse. Most scientists agree that security is a constituent of every aspect of human life. Consequently, security issues consideration is of great significance. All in all, nowadays it is greatly important to achieve a state of security as our globalized society frequently leads to different challenges and dangers. The results of the research contribute to better understanding of the issue and make it possible to introduce effective mechanisms of public administration in the field of national security.

  • Economic Security in The State National Security System

    Author: Valeriy Hnatenko
    E-mail: rdckonst@ukr.net
    Institution: “Scientific and Practical Medical Rehabilitation and Diagnostic Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2659-9202
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-105
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20200307
    PDF: ksm/27/ksm2707.pdf

    The article is devoted to the study of the place, role and regulatory framework of economic security, identifying it as a key component in the national security system of Ukraine. The theoretical and methodological approaches to defining the categories of “economic security” and “national security” have been examined in this article. Objects and subjects of economic security of the state have been defined; the basic threats to economic security have been allocated. The purposes of the economic security system and the measures that must be provided to achieve it have been formed. It has been noted that the national security today is an important attribute of foreign, domestic and military policy of the state. A special place in the system of acts dealing with the ensuring of economic security the program constituent documents have, namely: strategies, concepts, doctrines that constitute a system of officially accepted views in the state, as they are constituent. Indicators of economic security have been identified, which are the most important indicators of the business situation in the economy and the effectiveness of the economic policy of the state. The national economic interests which are necessary to be considered at decision-making on maintenance of economic safety have been listed. 106 Valeriy Hnatenko Ensuring of the economic security is achieved through the development and implementation of a set of measures aimed to neutralize threats to economic security. The article outlines the main directions of the state policy in the field of economic security of the country. It has been concluded that the problem that had developed in the economy of Ukraine requires the development and implementation of economic security strategies for the short and long term, is actual as never before, and needs further researches.

  • Military Innovations in Secondary Schools in Poland as a Manifestation of Strengthening State Security within the Meaning of Articles 5 and 26 of the Polish Constitution

    Author: Ilona Urych
    E-mail: i.urych@akademia.mil.pl
    Institution: War Studies University in Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4868-9460
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 461-474
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.37
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5837.pdf

    This article aims to present military innovations in secondary schools in Poland and the possibilities for their use in processes strengthening national security. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland in Art. 5 and 26 impose an obligation on the authorities to ensure the security of the state and its citizens and to defend the state’s borders and the integrity of its territory. Therefore, it is important in this context to properly train and educate students in military secondary schools. The basis for reaching the conclusions presented here were the results of empirical research conducted among secondary school students enrolled in military classes in Poland. The type of statistical analysis used, segmentation, allowed subgroups of respondents to be identified with their percentage share in the total population and the characteristics that define them. Analysis of the research results makes it possible to distinguish categories of the defense potential of students of military classes such as their mobilization, social and individual potential. The content of the article also indicates the possibilities and needs for the development of the potential of students of military classes.

  • National Well-Being as a Key Postulate of the National Security

    Author: Valeriy Hnatenko
    E-mail: rdckonst@ukr.net
    Institution: “Scientific and Practical Medical Rehabilitation and Diagnostic Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2659-9202
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 56-66
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210105
    PDF: ksm/29/ksm2905.pdf

    Under conditions of aggravation of external and internal contradictions of economic character, importance of increase of the state national security level, an urgent need of search of system algorithm for construction of integral paradigm of economic security appears. The main trend of further economic development of society is the connection of economic security of the state and the welfare economy of society in a single target function, which fully reveals and realizes the economic potential of the state and society. The level of the country’s welfare is the basis for making certain government decisions in the socio-economic sphere. It has been noted that economic security of welfare is ensuring the protection of interests and creating favorable conditions for ensuring a high standard of living and welfare of society in the implementation of the State Strategy for Economic Security. The place of economic security of welfare in the system of national security has been determined - the high level of its realization is a springboard for strengthening and further development of other components of the country’s economic life. Improvement of the public administration efficiency is one of the conditions for ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of the country, region and raising of living standards of the population.

  • Konstytucyjny wymiar kontroli inwigilacyjnej polityki państwa na przykładzie Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki

    Author: Paweł Laidler
    E-mail: pawel.laidler@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1338-3285
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 331-341
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.22
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6122.pdf

    Constitutional Oversight of Government Surveillance in the United States

    The aim of the article is the analysis of constitutional oversightof the government surveillance in the United States. Referring to Snowden affair and COVID-19 surveillance, the Author discusses the challenges faced by the legislative and judicial branches in pursuing control over the executive’s national security policies. Focusing on the rule of secrecy and other constitutional doctrines and privileges, he tries to explain why effective control of government surveillance is today impossible.

  • Ensuring social security at the level of local self-government

    Author: Shamil Faradzhov
    E-mail: faradzhovshamil@gmail.com
    Institution: National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9230-3399
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 22-33
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021102
    PDF: rop/15/rop1502.pdf

    The article considers public security as a component of national security. Public security is one of the priorities of state policy in the field of national security. Successful public safety is the implementation of a set of measures in the field of landscaping: installation of traffic lights in appropriate public places, construction of underpasses, construction of indoor stops for citizens waiting for the arrival of public transport, etc. A well-thought-out system of planning and construction of settlements or public places, maintaining them in good condition, which promotes work and recreation of citizens, reduces the degree of threat to public safety from the occurrence of unexpected and dangerous situations. And neglect of public amenities can lead to favorable conditions for those who commit offenses and encroach on public safety. A special place is occupied by local governments, they are the closest power to the population, have the necessary powers and resources to attract citizens to maintain public order, increase their social activity in creating decent living conditions in a given area. The state defines local self-government as an independent level of government to which the people are entitled. First of all, it presupposes the organizational separation and independence of local self-government from state power, its independence in resolving issues of local importance, but independence within its own powers, as provided by the constitution. The main powers of local governments to ensure public safety and public order include: monitoring compliance with the law in the territory; application of measures of state coercion (usually, it is a question of bringing to administrative responsibility for the offenses connected with local government); protection of public order, carried out mainly by the police; ensuring the safety of citizens. Accordingly, local governments may be endowed with additional powers in the field of public order and protection of citizens’ rights. Protecting the rights of citizens is an important component of ensuring security both at the individual level and at the level of the entire state. The sense of security that is transmitted inside and outside the country can be considered part of the attractiveness of the image of the country abroad.

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