national state

  • Some New Suggestions for Solving the Israeli–Palestinians Disputes

    Author: Gideon Biger
    Institution: Tel Aviv University (Israel)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 439–447
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018221.pdf

    Many suggestions have been presented for solving the Israeli – Palestinian dispute. As for now, none of those suggestions, presented during more than thirty years of negotiations, have been accepted by both sides. As for this, some new ideas have to be entered into the arena. Here some new, “out of the box”, geographical proposals are presented, based on actual events and geographical realities which exist in other areas. These proposals could be seen as un-human or politically wrong suggestions but as all other proposals were rejected, the decision makers of both sides, as well as the leaders of the world, can use the presented suggestion as a base for future negotiations.

  • Multiculturalism/multinationalism and multi- and intercultural education – an essay on a meandering tradition and the uneasy modern times (the case of Poland)

    Author: Tadeusz Lewowicki
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 16-66
    DOI Address:
    PDF: em/14/em1401.pdf

    The study is a presentation - in an essayistic and exemplary approach - of the meandering history of multiculturalism and multinationalism in Poland. This history until 1918 is described in two dimensions - firstly, a rather peculiar and in fact harmful multiculturalism of rulers’ world (mostly foreign election kings and later aggressors) and, secondly, the developing, increasingly richer and introducing important values, multiculturalism of people. This is followed by an outline of the changes after 1918 (mostly the crisis of the multinational state), as well as after 1945 and 1989 - the birth of a national state in two different political systems. The recent years are the times of drifting apart from a pro-European (open to multiculturalism) state in favour of a state and a substantial part of the society which is increasingly less democratic and contests European and global problems. This constitutes the background for the discussed issues of multicultural education. What has been also considered is the (developed in Poland) concept and practice of intercultural education. Intercultural education seems to enhance in the best way the familiarization with and understanding of Others and, in consequence, the shaping of positive relations among people.

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