need for closure

  • Individual Differences and Attitudes towards the Government’s Remembrance Policy

    Author: Ralph Schattkowsky
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland) & University of Rostock (Germany)
    Author: Gabriela Czarnek
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
    Author: Marek A. Muszyński
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland) & Educational Research Institute in Warsaw (Poland)
    Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-139
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015010.pdf

    The paper presents results of the experimental study on the government's remembrance policy, attitudes towards it, and the influence of remembrance narratives. It discusses individual differences of participants on three different grounds: (1) interest in history or politics, and level of historical knowledge, (2) features of cognitive motivation measured by the need for closure questionnaire: preference of order, desire for predictability, discomfort with ambiguity, closed-mindedness and decisiveness, and (3) response to the presented narrative, including inspired emotions and an assessment of a story. Collected data and research observations offer an interesting and valuable insight into relationships between various factors and citizen's support for the remembrance policy. They also lead the team to formulate three conclusions which may be used to develop theoretical understandings of this aspect of politics within political science and related disciplines.

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