ochrona środowiska

  • A tale of two UK’s European referendums. Some remarks on British history, politics and the constitution

    Author: Marieta Czekałowska
    E-mail: marietacz@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 205-222
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.10
    PDF: ppk/34/ppk3410.pdf

    The aim of this article is to present regulations connected with environmental protection on examples three constitutions: Kingdom of Spain, Republic of India and Republic of the South Africa. The aspect of this research is to analyze abovementioned regulations in the context of duties connecting with environmental protection. It is also significant aspect indicated the possibility of constitute the subjective rights to the use of environment and asserting rights directly from culprit pollution in horizontal activity. In this article, considering derives from editorial construction and taxonomy discussing provisions contained in above basic laws. Furthermore, on selected examples from judicature and doctrine had been presented a stance in order to define, which of these constitutional regulations are obliged to protect rights’ properly in cases of environmental protection.

  • Konstytucyjna zasada wolności działalności gospodarczej versus konstytucyjny nakaz ochrony środowiska

    Author: Marieta Czekałowska
    E-mail: marietacz@ wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 175-192
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.02.09
    PDF: ppk/30/ppk3009.pdf

    Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie zasady wolności działalności gospodarczej oraz nakazu ochrony środowiska na gruncie norm konstytucyjnych, w tym w kontekście wątpliwości związanych z ich wysłowieniem w tekście Konstytucji RP. Na przykładzie wybranego orzecznictwa i doktryny, przedstawiono zasadę proporcjonalności dopuszczającą ograniczenia konstytucyjnych praw i wolności na linii ochrona środowiska versus wolność działalności gospodarczej. Ponadto, w artykule wskazano niektóre przypadki z judykatury oraz nauki prawa, ilustrujące prymat ochrony środowiska nad wolnością gospodarczą. Dostrzeżono także problem związany z brakiem bądź,,niepełnym” unormowaniem legislacyjnym z zakresu ochrony środowiska, mogący świadczyć o tym, iż w niektórych przypadkach wolność przedsiębiorczości przejawia się jako wartość donioślejsza niż ochrona środowiska.


    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 168-177
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso150109
    PDF: hso/8/hso809.pdf

    The paper provides an overview of basic archival sources on the cooperation between the Czech and Polish researchers in the area of natural sciences, nature conservation and organisation of the first national Parks.

  • Environmental Awareness Amongst Youth in Times of Climate Crisis

    Author: Izabela Kapsa
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Author: Wojciech Trempała
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-130
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.67.07
    PDF: apsp/67/apsp6707.pdf

    This article deals with the important issue of environmental awareness amongst youth in times of climate crisis. Environmental awareness has been measured basing on the currently dominant division into anthropocentrism and biocentrism, the main two positions on the place of man in nature, the value of nature, including its moral significance and the assessment of human impact on environmental safety. The results come from surveys conducted in 2018 and 2019 in Poland (in the city of Bydgoszcz) on high school students (approximately 18 years old). The research presents young people’s opinions on environmental protection, the role of man in relation to nature (identified as biocentric or anthropocentric), and the threats associated with the climate crisis. We also analyse how environmental awareness is influenced by the content of media messages. Our results show that the surveyed students declare biocentric/anti-anthropocentric beliefs more often than anthropocentrism, and this tendency was reinforced by the growing presence of discussions surrounding climate change and related threats in public discourse.

  • The Constitutional Grounds for the Implementation of the “Green Deal” in the Republic of Poland

    Author: Szymon Gajda
    E-mail: szymon.gajda@awf.gda.pl
    Institution: Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3126-0238
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-459
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.36
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5836.pdf

    Dynamic changes in the European climate policy are aimed at a drastic reduction of CO2 emissions. The Union’s policy has several social, economic, and political consequences. Therefore, it is subject to assessment from the perspective of the legal order, including the constitutional order of the Member States. Therefore, a question arises as to the compliance of the “Green Deal” policy with the Polish constitution. It can be very troublesome to answer them positively. The EU policy is not only implemented in the interest of the whole world, and its effectiveness is uncertain, if only due to the need for cooperation of the entire international community. An additional challenge may be the quite evident departure from the principle of sustainable development in favor of climate protection. Although the given questions are troublesome, they deserve attention and noticing an apparent collision.

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