okres międzywojenny

  • Parlament a parlamentarismus v budování a proměnách československé státnosti

    Author: Ondřej Felcman
    E-mail: ondrej.felcman@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2706-201X
    Author: Tomáš Hradecký
    E-mail: tomas.hradecky@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4488-2266
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 32-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190403
    PDF: hso/23/hso2303.pdf

    The study focuses on the importance of the Parliament’s involvement in construction of the Czechoslovak state. With the exception of the German occupation, as the legislature of the Czechoslovak Republic, the National Assembly played an important role in affecting its republican and democratic character. The article discusses two of the most important stages of the formation of the Czechoslovak statehood. First is the Interwar period when the Czechoslovak statehood demonstrated features typical of parliamentary democracy with assumed parliamentary power, followed by the 1960s when the common state of the Czechs and Slovaks developed on a federal level.

  • Siostra Maria Józef Franciszka – Irena z Jezierskich Tyszkiewiczowa (22 maja 1887 – 23 kwietnia 1964)

    Author: Elżbieta Przybył-Sadowska
    E-mail: e.przybyl-sadowska@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9527-0879
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/pbs.2019.02
    PDF: pbs/7/pbs702.pdf

    Sister Maria Józef Franciszka – Irena née Jezierska Tyszkiewicz (May 22, 1887 – April 23, 1964).

    Article devoted to the countess Irena Tyszkiewicz (1887–1964) – founder and creator of the Library of Religious Knowledge in Warsaw – private library functioned in the outbuilding of the palace belonging to her family at 6 Litewska Street in Warsaw. She collected about 20 thousand books, including 3 thousand books for children. The library were used also as a place for discussion meetings by the most important Catholic intellectuals of the interwar period in Poland. Library was opened between 1919 and 1939 and later operated underground until 1944, when was destroyed by the Germans. After the Second War library was renovated in 1956 also by Irena Tyszkiewicz (then she was already sister Maria Józef Franciszka in the Congregation of the Franciscan Sisters Servants of the Cross) and began operating as the Primate’s Library of Religious Knowledge. This library, still operating in the Monastery belonging to the Congregation of the Franciscan Sisters Servants of the Cross at 9/11 Piwna Street in Warsaw, has become a model for other religious libraries created in many cities in Poland. In the years 1919–1939, Irena Tyszkiewicz was also involved in the activities of the Society for the Care of the Blind founded by Mother Elżbieta Czacka and other related institutions. Among others, she was a co-founder of a bookshop and the „Verbum” Publishing House. In this article to trace her life archival materials collected in the archives of the Franciscan Sisters Servants of the Cross (AFSK), Father Władysław Korniłowicz (AWK) and Mother Elżbieta Czacka (AMCz) were used.

  • The Policy of the Piłsudski’s Camp towards the Slovak Question (1918–1939)

    Author: Łukasz Lewkowicz
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 121-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.09
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6809.pdf

    The Slovak question played a key role in the foreign policy implemented by the Second Republic of Poland during the interwar period. Representatives from the most important currents of the Polish interwar political scene highlighted the significance of the relations between Warsaw and Bratislava, as evidenced by the presence of this issue in the programmatic documents, journalism, memoires and speeches of particular politicians. Slovakia was the object of interest among many socialists, nationalists, Christian-Democratic politicians, conservatives, and peasants. Also, the leading activists of the Piłsudski’s Camp, who from the very beginning had a clear yet not always precise vision of Polish diplomatic measures in this respect, largely dealt with the Slovak question. It should be emphasized that the distinctive feature of Piłsudski’s political thought during the interwar period was broadly construed mid-European consolidation. The aim of the article was the analysis of the foreign policy of the Piłsudski’s Camp towards the Slovak question between 1918 and 1939, with special focus on the conditions of Polish-Slovak relationship, the mutual attitude of the Polish authorities and Slovak autonomists towards each other, the role of Slovaks in Polish integration projects as well as the relations between the Second Republic of Poland and the Slovak in the years 1938–1939.

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