ontology

  • Od dziejów komputacji do reprezentacji wiedzy

    Author: Adam Fedyniuk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kimwe2018110
    PDF: kim/2018_1/kim2018111.pdf

    From the history of computation to knowledge representation
    There are various tools that make computational problems easier to solve. Through thousands of years mankind built and refined them in order to grasp intricate operations that can help unravel the complexity of the world. History of those tools is connected with the ability to visualize, categorize and also to assign hierarchy to things and to define relations between them. Some of them have philosophical roots, other could be employed only when suitable and sufficient mathematical apparatus became available. This paper shows a path, beginning with simple tools that aided simple mathematical operations through the ones that allowed visualization of relations between things, and finally, to the combination of these two kinds, which resulted gave us the beginning of modern ontologies in the context of informatics.

  • Wszystko to liczby Notatki o naturze cyfrowego świata

    Author: Marek Chlebuś
    Institution: Komitet Prognoz PAN
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-81
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2017205
    PDF: tpom/26/tpom2605.pdf

    Just numbers. Notes about the Nature of a Digital World

    Only digits really exist in the digital world as only matter exists in a material world. In the first one, all physical things are pure abstraction, similarly as all numbers in the second one. Digits are the only substance of the digital worlds. This hi-tech Pythagoreanism leads to a very serious consequences, not only for philosophy, but also for practice. Various concepts and rules, evident here, in the digital world may not work at all, or work improperly, and guide us to absurds when used mindlessly.

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