opozycja parlamentarna

  • Status i rola opozycji parlamentarnej niemieckiego Bundestagu – zagadnienia wybrane

    Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2010
    Source: Show
    Pages: 221-230
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2010.01.17
    PDF: ppk/01/ppk117.pdf

    The article concerns chosen issues of the institution of the parliamentary opposition in the German parliamentary system. The parliamentary opposition in the German system of governments is a universally accepted phenomenon. Many factors affect its status and the position, from the structure of internal organs and the way of creating them, for specific institutions of the parliamentary law allowing for active participating in the realization of basic functions of the Bundestag. A President of the Bundestag, a Presidium, Advice of Seniors and committees are internal organs of the German Bundestag. The manner of the casting of individual organs, their tasks and the way of proceeding (especially Advice of Seniors) enable opposition groupings in the real way to influence functioning of the Chamber. In the process, in spite of the lack of the legal institutionalization of the phenomenon of the opposition on the federal level, it is possible to tell about political recognizing laws to the parliamentary opposition in Germany.

  • Funkcjonowanie opozycji sejmowej w okresie obowiązywania Konstytucji z lat 1921 i 1997 - wybrane zagadnienia

    Author: Grzegorz Pastuszko
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1494-6409
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95-117
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.05
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6205.pdf

    Functioning of the parliamentary opposition during the period of the Constitution of 1921 and 1997 – selected issues

    This article is a jubilee text, intended to celebrate the centenary of the adoption and entry into force of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1921. The author discusses the issues of the functioning of the parliamentary opposition in two historical periods of the 2nd and 3rd Republic of Poland, analyzing legal regulations and political mechanisms. Due to the limited volume framework of this study, this analysis has been limited to some issues only. Their selection was primarily determined by the similarities in the sphere of normative and political phenomena that can be noticed in both epochs. Hence, the article includes topics related to: the legal basis and the normative concept of the functioning of the parliamentary opposition, the impact of the parliamentary opposition on the appointment of positions in the internal organizational apparatus of the Sejm, relations between the parliamentary opposition and the Marshal of the Sejm, the levels of rivalry and cooperation between the parliamentary opposition and the ruling camp. The author’s argument leads to a bitter reflection that the existing parliamentary system has still not freed itself from the ballast of the past and is far from a system adhering to the developed standards of protection of the rights of the opposition that exist in modern countries.

  • The Policy of the Parliamentary Opposition in Negotiations with the Government during the Euromaidan in Ukraine

    Author: Liana Hurska-Kowalczyk
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6753-8989
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 106-118
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.72.06
    PDF: apsp/72/apsp7206.pdf

    The objective of this article is to establish the main goal the leaders of the parliamentary opposition wanted to achieve in the negotiations with the government during the Euromaidan. In this study, the following methods were applied: the historical method, data analysis, and case study. In the conclusion, it is noted that the main task of the parliamentary opposition in the negotiations with the government was to restore the Constitution of 2004, which limited the presidential competences in executive power and extended

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