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  • Wyzwania okresu transformacji ustrojowej w Argentynie – niedokończony proces rozliczania się z tzw. brudną wojną

    Author: Paulina Zamęcka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 349-370
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201618
    PDF: siip/15/siip1518.pdf

    The chall enges of political transformation in Argentina – the unfinished process of settlement of a dirty war

    A political transformation that has started in Argentina in 1983 put an end on the reign of military junta, but at the same time it was related with a number of challenges for both first democratic governments and the argentine society as a whole. One of the most problematic issues resulting from the confrontation with the crimes from 1976 – 1983 was so called transitional justice and the problem of identity and collective memory of societies coming out of the period of trauma, which are characterized by a high polarization due to different, even contradictory at times interpretations and ideas about the past. The article attempts to analyze the difficult process of settlement of the dirty war period, including the characteristics of the preceding events, the policy of the first democratic governments and the original strategies developed by the argentine movement for human rights, which on the one hand aimed to combat with the impunity of the perpetrators, and on the other hand to counteract the social amnesia and to keep the memory about the tragic past events alive.

  • Polityka historyczna jako forma budowy wizerunku Polski na arenie międzynarodowej

    Author: Anna Wójcik
    Institution: Akademia im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 438-451
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201622
    PDF: siip/15/siip1522.pdf

    Historical politics as a form of construction of the image of Polish in international arena

    Article raises the issue of the importance of historical policy, also known as the politics of memory, as a category, which in recent years is the subject of heated debate. This is because, through the tools of historical policy, the authority has the opportunity to shape the expected vision of the state and nation in the international arena. This remains controversial due to the fact that the possibility of an arbitrary silence inconvenient facts and events. The main aim of this article was to show the importance of historical policy as a tool to build the country’s image in the international arena, not evaluating the policy pursued by the authorities. This issue is discussed in a wide range in the pages of various publications and at scientific conferences or debates historians. Analysing the literature and the press reports and official documents of institutions and government agencies have been in the paper a short review of selected policy definitions historical aspects of its tools and its implementation and postulates policy history in the future.
    Historical policy should be implemented by the Polish state as part of the construction of the position of the State in the international sphere, but mainly as an element of education of the next generations of Poles.
    I have no doubt that in the international, worldwide, all reasonable state, who understand their needs, and above all, to have a sense of their statehood and dignity, pursue an active policy of history.

  • Memoriał Ofi ar Komunizmu w Tallinie. Symbolika miejsca pamięci

    Author: Marcin Zaborski
    Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-100
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.66.06
    PDF: apsp/66/apsp6606.pdf

    Autor przedstawia genezę i analizuje symbolikę Memoriału Ofiar Komunizmu w Tallinie. Skupia się na założeniach koncepcyjnych przyjętych przez jego autorów, ale też bierze pod uwagę dokonywane później interpretacje przesłania monumentu. Przywołuje wydarzenia, do których odnosi się to miejsce pamięci. Opisuje okres sowieckiej okupacji Estonii i przedstawia bilans dokonywanych w tamtym czasie represji - masowych aresztowań, potajemnych egzekucji, deportacji ludności i brutalnej kolektywizacji rolnictwa. Tak zarysowany kontekst historyczny pozwala lepiej zrozumieć znaczenie opisywanego pomnika i jego miejsce na mapie pamięci współczesnej Estonii. Autor zwraca jednocześnie uwagę, że talliński pomnik stanowi istotny element nie tylko estońskiej, ale też - szerzej - europejskiej pamięci o ofiarach stalinizmu i komunizmu.

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