pandemic

  • Possibility of Implementing the Concept of the Intermarium in the Context of Militant Democracy in Poland During and After the Coronavirus Pandemic

    Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
    E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-110
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020306
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020306.pdf

    Intermarium is one of the most important Polish geopolitical concepts. This article considers it within the category of militant democracy. It allows to explore the process of militant democracy, that is, introducing restrictions by legal means. Most restrictions have recently been introduced due to a coronavirus pandemic. Therefore, the article undertakes to examine the potential for implementation of the concept of the Intermarium during the pandemic and shortly after its end. The study uses a qualitative analysis of sources. Indicators relevant to the study of the process of militant democracy were distinguished based on the body of literature. Results: The traditional concept of the Intermarium erodes due to natural causes. Currently, Poland is more inclined to the concept of the Three Seas. In addition, in the face of the analysis that was carried out, it seems that in a pandemic situation we are observing the end of the paradigm of liberal democracy in this case.

  • Limitation of Human Rights During the Crisis Events in Ukraine: Lessons and Outlooks

    Author: Iryna Symonova
    E-mail: simohova02@gmail.com
    Institution: Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1771-0511
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 67-82
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20200204
    PDF: ksm/26/ksm2604.pdf

    The paper reveals modern problems of limiting, ensuring, and realizing human rights during crisis events in Ukraine. The unsatisfactory state of the social protection system of Ukraine in the pre-crisis period is revealed (including problems of unstructured legislation, excessive financial burden, etc.). The article analyzes the existing guarantees and standards of human rights during the pandemic (included in the selected international documents and the Constitution of Ukraine). Several negative factors faced by the most vulnerable social groups during the crisis were addressed (for IDPs – problems of displacement, residence, job search; for the older population – problems of social security, treatment of chronic diseases, movement restrictions, and relevant age-based discrimination; for the homeless – absolute insecurity from all manifestations of the COVIDfueled crisis; for the detained and imprisoned – problems of penitentiary medical care, postponement of amnesty and subsequent rehabilitation). The paper assesses the relevant normative documents regulating social relations during the pandemic in terms of their positive and negative impact on the above risk groups (facilitated with the analysis of additional financial aid and payments, legal restrictions, the impact of the increasing financial burden on state and local budgets due to quarantine, the unconstitutionality of certain provisions and the lack of adequate legal response from the Constitutional Court of Ukraine). Conclusions were drawn based on the analysis of the officially established strategy to combat COVID-19, supplemented by a prognosis of the long-term consequences of its implementation (the pros and cons of the selected strategy of simultaneous “hard” and “soft” quarantine measures, the lack of long-term care policy, unpreparedness for vaccination and the restoration of the pre-pandemic way of everyday life).

  • Disinformation Virus: Fake News in the Pandemic Era

    Author: Karolina Pałka-Suchojad
    Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 32-41
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.03
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6803.pdf

    This article describes the issue of misinformation during the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, which WHO called ‘infodemic’. The outbreak of the pandemic has changed the constellation of the information environment, where there is a noticeable increase in fake news, conspiracy theories and the hate speech they generate. The modified architecture of digital space causes the formation of new instruments, influence factors, phenomena – previously recognized, but never before so intense. The article focuses on fake news that appeared in connection with the ongoing pandemic and which is present in Polish public discourse. The adopted perspective allowed to look at the phenomenon of false information through the prism of the theory of information laundering.

  • Challenges to the realization of human rights under the pandemic

    Author: Vasyl Kostytsky
    E-mail: v.kostytsky@yahoo.com
    Institution: National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1692-9810
    Author: Victoria Sydor
    E-mail: victoria.sydor@outlook.com
    Institution: Kyiv Institute of Intellectual Property and Law of the National University „Odessa Law Academy”
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1794-2577
    Author: Iryna Kostytska
    E-mail: iryna-kostytska@ukr.net
    Institution: Institute of Legislation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2336-1426.
    Author: Anastasia Sukhodolska
    E-mail: a.suhodols@gmail.com
    Institution: National Aviation University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5794-9167
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 90-104
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020406
    PDF: rop/14/rop1406.pdf

    The article deals with the problematic issues of human and civil rights under pandemic on the example of the practice of combating the spread of respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 civil society in Ukraine in 2020. Account has been taken of the fact that the human, his life and health are the highest social value, and that human rights and freedoms determine the content and orientation of State activities. Since every State functioned for the human, in order to protect universally recognized rights and freedoms, it was a feature of a modern democratic State governed by the rule of law. At the same time, in legal science in recent years there has been a debate about the problems of human and civil rights against the background of widespread abuse of rights, individual selfishness, conflict of rights of one person and group of people, human and society. That is to say, in the order of the day came an all-civilizational discussion about the appointment of the State, the idea of humanocentrism and sociocentrism as the fundamental foundation and expediency of the State. The problem is posed by the global challenges faced by present-day civilization: climate protection and freshwater, poverty and corruption, terrorism and military conflicts, massive ethnic displacement and pandemics. In one way or another these problems are present on all continents today, both for the world community and for each State in particular, but there is no well-established mechanism for dealing with them. With regard to combating the spread of coronavirus, it is clear that the problem is a global one in the field of medical law, and that it must be addressed both at the level of the novelization of legislation and at the level of philosophy and sociology of law, ‘cause that’s the kind of system-wide results you can use in complex under the state-creative practice today.

  • Działalność Unii Europejskiej przeciw pandemii COVID-19 na Ukrainie

    Author: Marta Labuda
    E-mail: marta.labuda@doctoral.uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5327-9426
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-21
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212801
    PDF: npw/28/npw2801.pdf

    European Union Activity Against the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ukraine

    The article is an attempt to look at the activity of the European Union against the COVID19 pandemic in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to demonstrate successes and failures of the EU’s activity in this area. The main research question posed in the article is: How did the EU’s activity affect the course of the pandemic in Ukraine? The main research hypothesis is statement that the EU’s activity has caused a significant mobilization in implementing reforms in Ukraine, but so far it has not resulted in a decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country. The research has been based on a qualitative methodology, with the document analysis strategy. The research material consisted of primary acts of the EU’s institutions, government data of Ukraine and internet portals devoted to the issue. Research shows that the EU’s activity against the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine has proved successful in terms of the need to finance actions to overcome the negative effects of it.

  • Sukces Królestwa Bhutanu w czasach pandemii – przykład świadomego działania czy przypadku?

    Author: Katarzyna Sopolińska
    E-mail: kate.sopolinska@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6860-5530
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 42-54
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2021203
    PDF: so/20/so2003.pdf

    The article addresses the fight of the Kingdom of Bhutan against the coronavirus pandemic from the beginning of 2020 to the end of September 2020 and answers the title question. Stages of the spread of the disease during the period indicated in the title are presented, as well as the accompanying actions of the public authorities whose task was, among others, to minimize its effects. Particular attention was paid to the king – his activity, including social media, image and the content of his public speeches. Economic solutions designed to counteract the crisis and support citizens in the difficult situation are also presented.

  • Ktoś nie zakręcił słoika – obraz pandemii we współczesnej literaturze rosyjskiej

    Author: Patrycja Spytek
    E-mail: p.spytek@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2638-5255
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-109
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2021207
    PDF: so/20/so2007.pdf

    Someone Did Not Close the Jar – A Picture of a Pandemic in Modern Russian Literature

    Mankind has survived many plagues. Advances in science, including medicine and pharmacy, have resulted in many once deadly diseases elimination. Before this happened, the plagues had decimated the countryside and cities. Even the richest and most influential citizens were unable to protect themselves and their relatives from inevitable death. Lying at the junction of Europe and Asia, Russia also was plagued by epidemics, which found artistic reflection in art and literature. The topic of the pandemic remains relevant. There will probably be many more of its literary versions. The article is only a contribution to deeper literary research and analysis. Each of the mentioned authors paints the portrait of “plague” from a different perspective, which makes the topic more interesting, multifaceted, and also testifies to the wide scale of the phenomenon and its impact on contemporary Russian literature. Over time, the list of appeals will be expanded, but today these seem to be the most representative.

  • Afryka w obliczu pandemii koronawirusa (SARS-CoV-2)

    Author: Wioleta Gierszewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5024-9379
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 170-187
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202008
    PDF: cip/18/cip1808.pdf

    Współcześnie temat pandemii wirusa SARS-CoV-2 zdominował światową prasę. Jednak problem wirusa w Afryce, jeszcze w lutym 2020 r. był w zasadzie pomijany w prasie zachodniej. Natomiast w tym samym czasie można było dostrzec coraz rosnące zainteresowanie prasy afrykańskiej tym problemem. Działo się tak, ponieważ w Afryce stosunkowo późno, w porównaniu z innymi kontynentami, zaczęto odnotowywać pierwsze zakażenia. Ze względu na szybkie rozprzestrzenianie się wirusa w świecie, 11 marca 2020 r. Światowa Organizacja Zdrowia ogłosiła stan pandemii. W początkowej fazie w Afryce, między innymi ze względu na małą ilość prowadzonych testów, nie odnotowywano takiej skali zakażeń jak w innych częściach świata, co nie oznacza, że sytuacja na kontynencie była lepsza. Celem artykułu będzie analiza sytuacji i problemów związanych z rozprzestrzenianiem się pandemii w Afryce. Na przykładzie wybranych państw autorka oceni ich przygotowanie i stosunek do walki z pandemią.

  • Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on of the world

    Author: Benjamin Mudaheranwa
    Institution: University of Rwanda
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 188-201
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202009
    PDF: cip/18/cip1809.pdf

    The author analyzes a number of issues regarding the impact of Covid-19 on societies in Africa, Asia, the USA and Europe. Author describes the expanded of the coronavirus and the effects of the pandemic. Particular attention is paid to analyzes economic, political, social and psychosocial problems of selected countries.

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