państwo federacyjne

  • Sądownictwo konstytucyjne w częściach składowych państw federalnych (na wybranych przykładach)

    Author: Piotr Czarny
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2011
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2011.06.02
    PDF: ppk/06/ppk602.pdf

    This article presents in summary form the constitutional courts in units of selected federal states. Four examples are discussed in more detail: the United States of America, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Russian Federation and the Swiss Confederation. This article draws attention to the origin and development of constitutional adjudication in the federal units, then briefly discusses the organization and powers of constitutional courts, as well as identifies key areas of activity and grounds of the decisions/trends in the decisions. The article ends with the conclusion that the existence of constitutional judiciary at the level of the federal units is an important confirmation of their independence and a substantial guarantee of the normative character of their constitutions. Subnational constitutional courts operate too in many others federal countries.

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