The Republic of Tajikistan gained independence in consequence of the break-up of the Soviet Union and, for the first time in its history, had started to build a constitutional system modeled after democratic states. Tajikistan’s system of government is governed by the constitution adopted on November 6, 1994 in a national constitutional referen- dum. The country’s constitutional system is evolving. Its constitution has been amend- ed three times so far. The changes affected the legal position of the head of state, were intended to allow the incumbent President to remain in power, and were made before an upcoming presidential election. The amendments to the constitution included trans- formation of the parliament into a bicameral parliament, introduction of a presidential form of government, and a number of other important changes. All amendments to the constitution were approved by the nation in a national referendum. The constitution- al system appears to be stable but may evolve further. The question that remains is: In which direction will it evolve?