parlament,

  • Systemic Transformations in Jordan in 1951-1957 - Unsuccessful Democracy

    Author: Bartosz Wróblewski
    E-mail: bwrob@o2.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4436-8221
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 511-522
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.41
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5841.pdf

    The following text discusses the first attempt to transform the authoritarian Jordan monarchy into a constitutional monarchy, in which the parliament chosen by the people was supposed, apart from the king, to serve the role of a real supervisor of the state. Such an attempt was made in 1951-1957. It ended up in a failure and, in fact, the return of the authoritarian methods of exercising the power. This failure resulted both from the specific circumstances of the contemporary Middle East, as well as certain permanent features of Arabic societies. Thus, it is important to trace back these events to show both the attempt at reforms, as well as the causes of the failure. The following text makes use first and foremost of English language resources concerning the history of Jordan. Also, the archive documents collected in the National Archives were used, especially the ones that refer to the correspondence between the authorities in London and the British embassy in Amman. To understand the issue, it will be necessary to go back beyond the year 1951 and to present in brief the very process of how the Hashemite monarchy came into existence.

  • Senat dwudziestolecia międzywojennego w Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej i Czechosłowacji

    Author: Magdalena Maksymiuk
    E-mail: maksymiuk.uksw@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5711-4920
    Author: Marcin Karlikowski
    E-mail: m. karlikowski@interia.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7825-7111
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 369-385
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.01.22
    PDF: ppk/59/ppk5922.pdf

    The article is an attempt to compare the constitutional position of the second chambers of parliament in the interwar period in Poland and Czechoslovakia. It was the time of shaping the post-war order. The article shows differences and similarities between the two systems in regard to Senates, bearing in mind the similar political situation at that time, as well as the similarity of drawing patterns from the constitutional order of the Third French Republic.

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