parliamentarianism

  • The Evolution of the Systemic Position of the Prime Minister of Hungary - Legal Regulations and Constitutional Practice

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    Institution: Warsaw University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4289-989X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 481-499
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.35
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5735.pdf

    The article discusses the issues of evolution of the political position of heads of government in Hungary. The time frame is between 1990 and 2020. A wide historical spectrum is included as well, showing the transformations of the supreme bodies of state power. After 1989, Hungary opted to establish a parliamentary cabinet system, with some strengthening of the government’s powers. The institution of the Prime Minister has become a real instrument of political power for the leaders of political factions in the countries discussed. The analysis takes into account both constitutional regulations and political practice over the past nearly 30 years. A particular strengthening of the political position of the Prime Minister can be seen after 2010.

  • Lewellerzy i powszechne prawo wyborcze podczas debaty w Putney (1647 r.)

    Author: Lucyna Chmielewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0715-550X
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.01.09
    PDF: ppk/65/ppk6509.pdf

    Levellers and Universal Manhood Suffrage During the Putney Dabates (1647)

    This is a review article. Its purpose is to present the findings of researchers on the English Levellers’ attitude to universal manhood suffrage, especially during the Putney Debates (1647). This issue is not clear and the dispute of researchers has been going on since the 1960s. The aim of the article is to present the findings on this issue contained in the important English studies on Levellers. The article presents the results of research that allows to answer the questions: whether the Levellers really supported the universal manhood suffrage, or were they therefore unconditional democrats? and why despite the success achieved during the Putney Debates the electoral reform proposed by them did not gain broad support.

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