partycypacja

  • Wyzwania globalizacyjne a nowoczesny system wyborczy

    Author: Jarosław Och
    E-mail: jaroslaw-och@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 181-193
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.05.10
    PDF: ppk/21/ppk2110.pdf

    The article focuses on one of the most essential problems of contemporary science of politics which is the issue of participation of citizens in elections and referenda and factors which stimulate and determinate this participation. It has been proved that the attendance at elections in Poland is one of the lowest in Europe and therefore ways of making Polish electoral system more citizen-friendly seem to be necessary. The state ought to stimulate the increase of political culture and create pro-civic attitudes among citizens. What may also be implemented is the reform of the electoral system which would allow citizens to vote by pro- xy, mail, the Internet, or even by sending a text message. Introduction of actions shown above seems to be inevitable and is not only linked with the fact that Polish society is aging, but also with simplifying the process of electoral decision- making for Polish migrants.

  • Wyzwania dla prawa własności intelektualnej w dobie cyfryzacji

    Author: Katarzyna Grzybczyk
    E-mail: katarzyna.grzybczyk@ us.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0694-8420
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 53-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.03.03
    PDF: ppk/55/ppk5503.pdf

    The 21st century undoubtedly belongs to intellectual property law. In principle, each area of social life, but also private individuals to some extent, depend on legal regulations in this field. On the one hand, amazing technological development has taken place, thanks to which unprecedented improvements have been made in areas such as health, economic well-being and overall quality of life, on the other, technologies have forever changed societies, not just Western ones. Therefore, intellectual property law has faced huge challenges since the beginning of our century. It can deepen the gap between the poor and the rich by hindering access to modern solutions, it can also help overcome barriers (access to medicines, knowledge, and material goods). Legal issues arise in every field that humanity develops through its creativity - soon, legislators will have to face questions regarding, among others effective protection of software, big data, personalized medicine, autonomous vehicles, video games and artificial intelligence, etc. However, the question arises whether the actions of legislators will meet the expectations of society and whether they are sensitive to the needs of a changing world.

  • COVID-19 and Direct Contact-Free Democracy - Experiences from Poland

    Author: Mariusz Popławski
    E-mail: mpoplawski@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5563-5308
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 603-614
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.49
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5849.pdf

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the behavior of local authorities on the issue of participatory budget in the situation of confronting the COVID-19 pandemic. A new category has been introduced here - direct contact-free democracy, which aims to emphasize the need to avoid personal contact while continuing the performance of mechanisms accompanying democracy. To verify the accepted hypothesis, an existing sources analysis, and a survey, in which more than 40 cities with district rights participated, were conducted.

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