PIAAC

  • Literacy Change as a Result of the Education Reform: Comparison Among the Post-Soviet Countries

    Author: Jolita Dudaitė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 17-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.01
    PDF: tner/201804/tner5401.pdf

    In 1989 – 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was an auspicious moment for structural changes in education systems in the new independent countries, which had been under control of the Soviet government for a long time. About three decades have passed since the beginning of the education reforms in the post-Soviet countries and several generations who studied within the framework of the reformed systems starting from the first grade have already grown up. Therefore, it is relevant to estimate the results of the reforms. One of the possible measures for estimating the results of the education system or education reform is the change in population literacy within certain education systems. The purpose of the article is to compare the results of education reforms of the post-Soviet countries based on the population literacy considered as a result of former learning. The data of the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) organised by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are used for literacy comparison. The OECD PIAAC survey databases of Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia were used for comparison of the results of the reforms implemented in the post-Soviet countries. Data analysis showed that at the lower and upper secondary education levels, the most positive results of the education reform were observed in Lithuania, while in Russia, the results were negative.

  • The idea of lifelong learning – Polish experience and reality

    Author: Agata Rzymełka-Frąckiewicz
    Author: Teresa Wilk
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 213-224
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2015.42.4.18
    PDF: tner/201504/tner20150418.pdf

    The presented study addresses the issue of the concept of lifelong learning based on Polish experience, on the basis of the latest research: the international programme: Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (Study on an international scale, realised for the first time in Poland on a sample of more than 9 thousand people) and Polish reports: Report on the State of Education 2013-Teachers Matter, and Social Diagnosis 2013-the Labour Market and Social Exclusion in the Context of the Perception of Poles. The presented study and the authors’ considerations revolve around the concepts of: learning, schooling, undertaking educational activity by adults, which, as clearly indicated by the research results, constitutes an insignificant part of Polish society. This situation puts our country on one of the last places in the ranking of highly developed countries.

  • Assessing Slovak Teachers’ Literacy and Related Non-cognitive Skills in the International Measurements PIAAC

    Author: Marcela Šarvajcová
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University
    Author: Ľubomír Rybanský
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University
    Author: Monika Štrbová
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 133-146
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.66.4.11
    PDF: tner/202104/tner6611.pdf

    The study presents the results of PIAAC measurements and focuses on teachers as mediators of education and their achievements in literacy and skills in reading and writing at home and at work. Multiple regression analysis is used in the research to examine the influence of independent variables - earnings, age, gender and reading index - on the level of teachers’ literacy. Values of the coefficient of determination vary from 0.05 (Poland) to 0.23 (Belgium). The results are compared at the country level and show the position of Slovak teachers in these measurements. Also, they highlight the most successful countries and point to the countries with positions similar to Slovakia. Based on the research findings, it can be stated that the higher level of literacy is associated with a higher level of writing and reading activities at work more than at home. An important finding is also the result that in all countries, the literacy level declines with age.

  • Lifelong Learning in Six Central European Countries

    Author: Jolita Dudaitė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    Author: Rūta Dačiulytė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 134-147
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.64.2.11
    PDF: tner/202102/tner6411.pdf

    The aim of the article is to compare the situation of lifelong learning in Central European countries. Six countries were selected for the study: Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, and the Czech Republic. The research is based on data from the International Survey of Adult Skills (OECD PIAAC). Respondents 30 years old and over were selected for analysis because a significant proportion of younger people have not yet completed their formal studies. According to the analysis, Estonian adults are most often involved in lifelong learning activities, while representatives from the Slovak Republic are the least involved. In all countries, those with above high school education are the most likely to participate in lifelong learning activities compared to those with lower than high school education and with high school education. In different countries, different kinds of learning activities prevail.

  • Link Between Adult Literacy and Participation in the Labour Market: Central European Region

    Author: Jolita Dudaitė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9695-5394
    Author: Rūta Dačiulytė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7895-7465
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-55
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.22.67.1.03
    PDF: tner/202201/tner6703.pdf

    Human capital, together with financial and material resources, is an important factor in the economy of society. Human capital can be defined in different ways, but knowledge, abilities, skills, competences, or literacy, in general, are essential parts. It can be said that literacy is the cornerstone of human capital. According to the basic principles of the theory of employment, factors such as education, gender, age, health, marital status, and emigration have a major impact on participation in the labour market. However, in scientific discourse, there is a strong emphasis on these factors and the importance of literacy. However, there is a lack of studies specifically analysing the links between literacy and participation in the labour market. In particular, it is important to analyse whether literacy is equally important for participation in the labour market in different regions and countries. This article analyses the link between participation in the labour market and literacy in the Central European region. Six Central European countries are analysed based on the International Survey of Adult Skills OECD PIAAC. An analysis of the main parameters showing how a person participates in the labour market suggests there is a link between a person’s literacy and their working status, type of employment contract, managerial position, and economic sector.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart