pluralism

  • Pluralizm racjonalności i pluralistyczna krytyka imparcjalizmu

    Author: Łukasz Perlikowski
    E-mail: lukaszperlikowski@gmail.com
    Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Płocku
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.01
    PDF: kie/119/kie11901.pdf

    The article aims to present and critically analyze one of the currents of thought within the framework of deliberative democracy. The main dispute that we identify in the framework of this theory is the dispute between the impartialist and pluralistic approach. The role of reason towards the phenomenon of pluralism is the subject of these discussions. The impartialists base their arguments above all on the idea of public reason, while pluralists deny its value to other values. It can therefore be concluded that this dispute consists in opposing the rationality of pluralism to the pluralism of rationality. In addition to analyzing the arguments of the pluralist approach, we also focus on the criticism of the impartialism that these positions have put forward. The article distinguishes three possible forms of pluralism: rationality of pluralism, plurality of rationality prima facie and plurality of rationality sensu proprio. This allows us to show the relationship between impartialism (rationality of pluralism) and pluralism (plurality of rationalities prima facie) and the plurality of pluralism proposed by the critics of impartiality (plurality of rationalities prima facie) with a specific form of pluralism (plurality of rationality sensu proprio). In addition, in the article we identify the directives which pluralists propose to take place of public reason. The pluralistic approach which we analyze in the text is presented by such authors as: Iris Marion Young, Seyla Benhabib, Chantal Mouffe, Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson. The impartialist tradition should be associated with John Rawles and his interpreters and critics such as Joshua Cohen and Brian Barry.

  • Polskie doświadczenie wielokulturowości w interpretacji Jana Pawła II jako inspiracja dla edukacji międzykulturowej

    Author: Marek Rembierz
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 57-94
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2013.03
    PDF: em/2/em203.pdf

    Polish experience of multiculturalism in the interpretation of John Paul II as an inspiration for intercultural education

    The inquiry aims at indicating that the interpretation of Polish experience of multiculturalism performed by John Paul II may become an inspiration for intercultural education and comparative pedagogy of religion. This can occur mainly because the issue of particularity and universality, which is considered significant for research into intercultural education, is present in the interpretation of Polish experience of multiculturalism carried out by John Paul II. He combined Polish experience of multiculturalism with his own personal experience which shaped his identity as well as with moral experience and experiencing the Christian faith. For those who share axiological convictions promoted by John Paul II, his interpretation of Polish experience of multiculturalism has become crucial. They can see significant merits of the papal interpretation of the Polish ethos. If this interpretation is granted rightness, it acquires the qualities of an intellectually and morally important point of reference for the axiological and educational sense of Polish experience of multiculturalism. The issues of intercultural education and comparative pedagogy of religion were frequently undertaken by John Paul II. In his book Pamięć i tożsamość. Rozmowy na przełomie tysiącleci /Memory and Identity: Conversations at the Dawn of a Millennium/, in which John Paul II recapitulates his philosophical and theological considerations on culture, his convictions concerning Polish experience of multiculturalisms are also expressed: ‘Polishness is in fact multitude and pluralism, not narrowness and confinement. It seems, however, that this »Jagiellonian« dimension of Polishness [...] ceased to be, unfortunately, something obvious in our times’74. What is essential for intercultural education is the recognition that Polishness is marked by ‘multitude and pluralism, not narrowness and confinement’, because in this way axiological principles of shaping beliefs and attitudes in interpersonal relations are created in the complex situation of multiculturalism.

  • Skrzypek wielu dachów. Ponowoczesna hermeneutyka Odo Marquarda wobec zagadnienia pluralizmu

    Author: Adriana Joanna Mickiewicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 27-39
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201903
    PDF: cip/17/cip1703.pdf

    Artykuł omawia relację między pluralizmem społecznym a tradycją (lub raczej wielością tradycji) na gruncie filozofii hermeneutycznej Odo Marquarda. Autorka przedstawia koncepcję niemieckiego filozofa jako propozycję łączącą elementy myśli postmodernistycznej oraz hermeneutyki. Zarysowuje przesłanki epistemologiczne (zwłaszcza sceptycyzm), które doprowadziły autora do przekonania o konieczności budowania własnego światopoglądu w odniesieniu do tradycji. Jednocześnie artykuł pokazuje sposób, w jaki Marquard godzi afirmację tradycji z afirmacją różnorodności i złożoności świata społecznego, w którym Inny - kształtujący samego siebie w oparciu o inną tradycję - nie tylko nie stanowi zagrożenia dla tego co „własne”, ale wręcz pozwala lepiej zrozumieć „swojskość” oraz zyskać dystans konieczny dla krytycznego myślenia o własnej tradycji.

  • Partnership and Social Dialogue in the Axiological and Administrative-Legal Perspective

    Author: Agata Barczewska-Dziobek
    E-mail: adziobek@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7514-9219
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 227-243
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.17
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5717.pdf

    Partnership and social dialogue are fundamental values for relations between administrative entities, because due to the nature and importance of these, they have been coded by the rational legislator in the principles of law expressed in the Constitution. Due to the relationship between administrative law and its principles and constitutional law, the postulate of including social partners in the decision-making processes of the executive authority can be observed, which is exemplified by the functioning of entities implementing joint actions in the scope of administrative programming acts.

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