Polish constitution

  • United for the Common Cause: Thoughts on the Act on Petitions of 11 July 2014

    Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
    E-mail: kawadj@box43.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-217
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017113
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017113.pdf

    The paper investigates legal funding of the right to petition in Poland. It starts from a comparative background and it introduces the institution in a wider context, as a transparent and accessible for citizens legal solution, that has become an essential instrument of contemporary direct democracy and civic society. The author discusses regulations of the 2014 Acts on Petitions with reference to the Constitution of Poland and organisation of the Sejm and the Senate proceedings. Moreover, the study has placed the right to petition in a fieldwork of Polish system of human rights protection and Polish legal system in general. Finally, the paper presents results of opinion polls on direct democracy and civic engagement in Poland to discuss them with reference to previously presented construction of the right to petition as a legal institution. The author concludes with a relevant question on its further development in times of deep polarisation of Polish politics and during the Constitutional Crisis in the county. 

  • Does the Civil Society Concept Exclude the Possibility of Lockout? Considerations upon the Basis of the Polish Constitution from 1997 and the Standards of the Council of Europe and European Union

    Author: Hanna Wiczanowska
    E-mail: hanna.wiczanowska@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 171-184
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.11
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4011.pdf

    One of the most crucial principles of democratic regime is the concept of civil society. The implications of such concept are also visible within the area of labour law as the right to strike has been perceived as its core element. The primary purpose of the presented article is to consider whether the application of the doctrine of civil society automatically disables for a recognition of lockout for the employers’ organizations within the Polish legal system as well as international standards. The presented paper will mainly rely upon the legal dogmatic analysis of the provisions of Polish Constitution from 1997 and international regulations. The author will also use the elements of the comparative analysis between Polish standards amd norms enacted by the Council of Europe and the European Union. The innovative approach of the paper is the complex analysis of the Polish solutions from the intenational perspective in terms of equality between labour and the capital.

  • Security as a Concept of Constitutional Law

    Author: Sabina Grabowska
    E-mail: s.grabowska@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0530-708X
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 433-444
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.06.32
    PDF: ppk/52/ppk5232.pdf

    The subject of the article is an analysis of the concept of security functioning in the Polish constitution of 1997. The author presents the views of the doctrine and constitutional regulations in this respect. It also divides the concept of security according to several criteria: subjective, objective and sources of threats.

  • The Financial Stability Mandate of the Narodowy Bank Polski: A Constitutional Perspective

    Author: Anna Jurkowska-Zeidler
    E-mail: anna.jurkowskazeidler@prawo.ug.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Gdańsk
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4316-6073
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 213-225
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.16
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5716.pdf

    Experiences related to the global financial crisis of 2008 and to subsequent turbulence in the financial market, and also to threats connected with the COVID-19 pandemic, demonstrate the evolution of the aims of the functioning of central banks. The goal of monetary stability, which means attempting to ensure low inflation, has proved insufficient. As a part of building a new architecture of financial regulation and supervision (at international, European, and national level), the mandate of central banks has been strengthened and supplemented with activities aimed at ensuring the stability of the financial system, understood as a state of affairs in which systemic risk does not accumulate. The aim of this article is to analyze the systemic role of the NBP (Polish Central Bank) from the point of view of the contemporary evolution of the role of central banks within the financial safety net.

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