Polish constitutionalism

  • The significance of amendments to the March Constitution of 2 August 1926 and the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Poland of 7 April 1989 for political changes in Poland

    Author: Krzysztof Eckhardt
    Institution: The Department of Constitutional Law and International Relations of the Higher School of Law and Administration Rzeszów School of Higher Education
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3338-9836
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-72
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.06.05
    PDF: ppk/46/ppk4605.pdf

    In August 1926 and April 1989 the Polish constitutions in force at that time were amended. Substantively these amendments have nothing in common, yet they have many common features, which the author of this article tries to show. In particular, the author draws attention to the fact that they have been used in a way that goes far beyond a formal system correction. The political practice based on them, which differed from the constitutional assumptions, brought fundamental changes in the political system and its evaluation has not been and still is not carried out from the point of view of observance of constitutional standards and the nature of undertaken actions, whether they were aimed to authoritarianism as after May 1926, or to democratization as after April and especially after June 1989.

  • Wolności i prawa jednostki w stuletniej perspektywie polskiego konstytucjonalizmu

    Author: Andrzej Bisztyga
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6579-9656
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 153-169
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.07
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6207.pdf

    Freedoms and rights of the individual in the hundredyear perspective of Polish constitutionalism

    The hundredth anniversary of the adoption of the March Constitution provides an opportunity to trace the constitutional regulations regarding the freedoms and rights of an individual in the time perspective of the age of Polish constitutionalism. The study undertook the procedure of presenting the evolution of catalogs of freedoms and rights of an individual proper to successive Polish constitutional regulations, taking into account the issue of guarantees of these freedoms and rights and the implementation of European tools in this field. The author proves the thesis about the fundamental lack of continuity of the solutions in the field of individual freedom and rights contained in the March Constitution in the 100-year perspective of Polish constitutionalism. He also points out that the history of shaping the constitutional status of an individual in republican Poland is characterized by a systemic and conceptual discontinuity.

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