Polish language

  • Hebrew and Polish: Mutual Influences and Their Contribution in Creating a Polish Criminals’ Jargon

    Author: Angelika Adamczyk
    E-mail: aadamczyk@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 424–435
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018220
    PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018220.pdf

    In this paper, I wish to present the complexity of Jewish-Polish relations from the 19th century until the interwar period, with emphasis on sociolinguistic issues. I will illustrate the circumstances of the contact between the Polish and Hebrew languages. Poles and Jews, who lived side by side, developed successful relationships, but mainly in the criminal underworld. That was reflected in a sociolect – a dialect of criminals that constituted a mixture of Polish, Yiddish, Russian, and several other languages, including quite a few Hebrew words, which with time adopted new meanings. Moreover, I  will provide some examples of Hebrew words used in Polish criminal jargon, as well as those which have been coined in every-day Polish. Then I will refer to some Hebrew words that are not connected with a world of crime and are still in use in spoken Polish.

  • L’idea del passato nel passato in italiano e in polacco: il trapassato prossimo ed i suoi equivalenti semantici polacchi

    Author: Maurizio Mazzini
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 85-97
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2013.04.05
    PDF: iw/04/iw405.pdf

    THE IDEA OF THE PAST IN THE PAST: THE TRAPASSATO PROSSIMO TENSE AND ITS SEMANTIC EQUIVALENTS IN POLISH

    The article is dedicated to a comparative analysis of Verb’s grammar tenses in both Polish and Italian language. The essay examines the methods of expressing the dimension of the pluperfect tense (Italian trapassato prossimo) in the modern Polish language. Except only few verbs which maintained their pluperfect form, Polish as a language has evolved towards the phenomenon of lexicalization, which is possible to describe as replacing grammar constructions with lexical tools.

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