Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • «Литовские книги» на севере Центральной России в конце XVI–XVII вв. (по материалам Ярославской, Тверской областей и Пермского края)

    Author: Валерий В. Коновалов
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 179-197
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017209
    PDF: so/12/so1209.pdf

    “Lithuanian books” in the norths of Central Russia at the end of XVI–XVIIth century (used materials from Yaroslavl, Tver and Perm regions)

    This article is about appearances of Cyrillic printed “Lithuanian books” on the Yaroslavl, Tver and Perm regions. Author marked three periods of orthodox publishing activity in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth also he analyzed dynamic of this books arrival to those regions. In order to analyze this dynamic he introduced new term “books arrival intensity coefficient”.

  • „W tej Rzeczypospolitej prawo królem, prawo senatorem, prawo szlachcicem”. Idea nadrzędności prawa i jej praktyczne konsekwencje w realiach staropolskiej przedkonstytucyjnej monarchii „mieszanej” (XVI–XVIII wiek)

    Author: Tomasz Kucharski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-7529
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.04
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6104.pdf

    The presented article is devoted to using present-day legal terminology in scientific research on pre-modern and pre-constitutional states’ legal systems. The main focus of analysis is the rule of law principle existence between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The author tries to establish whether this is even justified to use the modern idea of the rule of law to describe the Polish-Lithuanian pre-partitions political system? And, if so, how technically do that to avoid presentism? The author tries to formulate a set of features concerned with the rule of law principle applicable to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He also tries to determine the set of conditions necessary for the rule of law principle to blossom in pre-modern reality fully

  • “Patavium virum me fecit” – Padova come luogo di formazione delle antiche élite polacche

    Author: Wojciech Tygielski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polonia
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6654-6001
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-46
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2021.12.1.02
    PDF: iw/12_1/iw12102.pdf

    Using the Atti della Nazione Polacca at the University of Padua as a main source, the author describes the role that this university played in the education of students from the PolishLithuanian Commonwealth from the 16th to 18th centuries. According to the author’s research, this role was crucial in the 16th century, when a significant part of Polish elites included a stay at this university in their curriculum. In the 17th century, the number of students from Poland-Lithuania studying in Padua decreased slowly but continuously, and in the 18th century, the number was marginal. In the period under discussion, the social structure of this group significantly changed: students looking to acquire knowledge that was necessary for their future professional career were gradually replaced by young men of aristocratic and noble families, for whom a visit in Padua, be it long or short, was only a stage in their educational European Grand Tour. According to the author, this can be explained by intellectual changes in Polish-Lithuanian society: a general and rather superficial education was gradually preferred to university-based and professionally-provided knowledge. A study of selected travel diaries supplemented and confirmed the results of the presented statistical analysis. All Polish travellers visiting Padua in the 16th and 17th centuries described the University and considered it as the most important institution of the city; meetings with compatriot students were also often mentioned. Later on, the University was no longer the obvious subject of the descriptions and 18th-century travellers often did not even mention it at all. Nevertheless, there is still available evidence that the Polish presence in Padua, although reduced, was visible and important for the city.

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