political analysis

  • Ideas as an Explanatory Factor in Political Analysis

    Author: Piotr Burgoński
    Institution: Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 72-85
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.06
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6806.pdf

    The purpose of the article is to demonstrate that ideas can be treated as a factor explaining political stability and change. Based on the completed analytical tasks, it has been found that ideas have their own dynamics and therefore they deliver unique effects, influencing change or stability of policies. The article demonstrates that the impact ideas have on the political process depends on the understanding of human behaviour in the field of politics. The article reviews the ideational dimension with reference to behaviours covered by the rational choice theory, by historical, sociological and discoursive institutionalism and constructivism. As a result of the analytic tasks, certain differences have been revealed between the above mentioned approaches in terms of understanding the impact of ideas. What the approaches have in common is a close link between ideas and political actors. The article covers theoretical issues without considering methodology aspects. It is based on the outcomes of study projects carried out by authors recognized in the so-called school of ideas, formed in political science following the “ideational shift” during the 1990s and reflecting until the present day on the ideational dimension of politics.

  • Systemic Analysis of Politics in the Light of Reconstruction of Structural Functionalism of Jeffrey C. Alexander

    Author: Jarosław Nocoń
    E-mail: jaroslaw.nocon@ug.edu.pl
    Institution: Univeristy of Gdańsk (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1202-7580
    Published online: 16 July 2021
    Final submission: 29 June 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Page no: 14
    Pages: 7-20
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202139
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202139.pdf

    Applying systems analysis in political science research is still one of the important dimensions of political science methodology. Reconstruction of the functional model of the social system seems to be an attractive proposition for policy researchers. Signed by the name of Jeffrey Charles Alexander, the American version of neofunctionalism is one of the responses to the crisis of traditional forms of structural functionalism. The main purpose of the reconstruction of T. Parsons’s theory was its revitalization consisting in restoring the possibility of its application in contemporary social research. The reinterpretation of the classical approach was to a large extent “forced” by harsh criticism of the current approach and focused especially on attempts to overcome the limitations contained therein, which manifested in the impossibility of correlation of functional theorems with newly developing research currents Jeffrey Alexander restored relevance and emphasizes suitability for interpreting and explaining political processes and phenomena. Understanding the concept of functions and functional relations in the political environment allows for effective application in the analysis of contemporary political systems. Therefore, changing the method of functional analysis is a useful methodological tool in developing a political theory.

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