political elites

  • The Crisis of Spain’s Political Elites – Systemic Factors or Mass Media Influence?

    Author: Agnieszka Kasińska–Metryka
    Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 155–163
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014009
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014009.pdf

    The subject of the discussion below refers to the political situation in present-day Spain in the context of a broad systemic crisis (economic, political, values, leadership, discourse etc.). Moreover, it covers the media’s impact on the administrating elite who are also subject to the crisis. Th e research questions concern the nature of the interactions among the trifecta of political actors, the media and public opinion. The fundamental question is to what extent the crisis of political elites is a result of systemic dysfunction (a so called de-democratisation of political life) or an eff ect of the media’s activities, which have disclosed and publicised some of the dysfunctions of the above elites. This article will attempt to verify the hypothesis of the aforementioned de-democratisation process in Spain, the extent of the media presence in political life, and the mediatisation of their politics.

  • The Rulers and the Ruled – Civic Competence in Politics as a Criterion of Democracy

    Author: Tadeusz Godlewski
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 363–376
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014021
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014021.pdf

    The text deals with the topic of civic political competence (civic competence) as an additional criterion of the quality of the democracy. It shows both theoretical aspects of this issue, identifying some specific elements of competence and the methodological problems of the research on civic competence. The article also includes reflections on the implementation of civic competence in the processes of deliberation.

  • Zjawisko borderyzacji w polityce gruzińskich i osetyjskich elit władzy

    Author: Agnieszka Tomczyk
    E-mail: a.tomczyk4@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7063-5130
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 124-144
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212906
    PDF: npw/29/npw2906.pdf

    Borderization in the politics of Georgian and South Ossetian power elites

    The dissolution of the Soviet Union led to both the restoration of independent states and the emergence of entities with the status of unrecognized states. In the aftermath of the five-day Georgia-Russia conflict of August 2008, the borderization incidents have intensified. The process involves the installation of barbed fences along the Administrative Boundary Line (ABL) between Georgia and South Ossetia, and shifting border marks deep into the Georgia-controlled territory to transform the official ceasefire line into an international border by the Russian FSB border guards. The paper aims to examine how ‘borderization’ activities have affected the politics of Georgian and South Ossetian ruling elites. By becoming a part of the political and social debate, border incidents have allowed victimization the Georgian nation to be presented to the world. However, especially in 2012-2013, the two main political parties in Georgia differed in their perceptions of borderization. From South Ossetian perspective, in turn, the process has served as a manifestation of strengthening national identity, independence from Georgia, and above all, the belief in Ossetian statehood guaranteed by Russia’s military presence and the growing importance of the military elite. The methodology of the work is based on the case study approach, as well as critical analysis of literature, documents, web content and a review of archival materials. The paper also includes data obtained during the 2018 and 2019 field research in Abkhazia and in the IDPs camp in Shavshvebi, near the Georgian-Ossetian border.

  • W kręgu rodziny, opozycji i władzy. Kariera polityczna Augustyna Gorzeńskiego w latach 1764–1793

    Author: Grzegorz Glabisz
    E-mail: gglabisz@o2.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2489-7567
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 79-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210204
    PDF: hso/29/hso2904.pdf

    One of the major challenges faced by king Stanisław August in 1764-1793 was establishing his own political backing. According to some historians, during his tumultuous reign he managed to create and implement a new, informal model of public career. The article is based on conclusions drawn from analysed source material and confirms the scheme using the example of General Augustyn Gorzeński’s political career. He was Poznań Chamberlain and one of the most trusted royal advisors at the decline of the Polish Republic.

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