political opposition

  • Prymas Stefan Wyszyński wobec rzeczywistości społeczno-politycznej PRL 1974–19781

    Author: Rafał Łatka
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2650-4031
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 131-178
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/pbs.2019.06
    PDF: pbs/7/pbs706.pdf

    In the seventies, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński was not only the undisputed leader of the Polish Church, but also a widely respected authority in society, whose voice was of great importance. In the above analysis, the attitude of the „Primate of the Millennium” to the socio-political reality of the PRL was discussed. A comprehensive view of this hierarch was presented regarding the functioning of the communist system in Poland; his approach to the state-church relationship; to key political events (amendment to the constitution, events of June 1976, election of Cardinal Wojtyła as pope) and attitude to the rise and activity of the pre-August opposition. This analysis does not aspire to the full exhaustion of the topic, it focuses on issues most for Cardinal Wyszyński important in the socio-political sphere.

  • The Political Context of the Amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine

    Author: Liana Hurska-Kowalczyk
    E-mail: liana.hurska-kowalczyk@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6753-8989
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 573-582
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.46
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5846.pdf

    The purpose of this article is to determine the political conditions of the amendments introduced to the Constitution of Ukraine regarding the modification of the form of rule: 1) to establish the motives of political subjects that aimed at introducing amendments to the Ukrainian Constitution; 2) to grasp the specific political situation in which the modification of the form of rule in Ukraine took place. The following thesis has been examined: 1) that it were the presidents Leonid Kuchma (1994-2005) and Viktor Yanukovych (2010-2014) who had particular aspirations to modify the semi-presidential form of rule introduced in 1996 in Ukraine; 2) that introducing amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine regarding the modification of the form of rule was the result of a political compromise made between the government and the opposition during the socio-political protest in 2004 (the so-called Orange Revolution) and the mass anti-government protest in 2014 (Euromaidan).

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