populizm

  • Retoryka populistyczna w parlamentarnej kampanii wyborczej w Republice Czeskiej z 2017 r.

    Author: Tomasz Kasprzak
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 90-105
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201705
    PDF: siip/16/siip1605.pdf

    Populist rhetoric in the parliamentary election campaign in the Czech Republic from 2017

    The paper presents the history of the populist dimension. Populism is depicted in this article as a phenomenon with many planes of conceptualization. In order to combine the considerations of populism and the party system, Czech groups have been investigated, which can be included in the current commonly called modern populism in modern politics. The subject of the study was not marginal groups, including detached parties, and those which have been present on the Czech political scene since 1993: ČSSD, ODS, TOP09, KDU-ČSL, ANO 2011, KSČM.

  • Methodological Challenges for International Empirical Studies on Populist Political Communication

    Author: Agnieszka Stępińska
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Author: Jakub Jakubowski
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Author: Dorota Piontek
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 226-243
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.14
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5614.pdf

    The objective of this paper is to analyze two research tools applied in the social sciences for quantitative and qualitative studies respectively, namely codebook, or coding scheme, and individual in-depth interview – in terms of their applicability for studies of populist political communication. To this end, three codebooks serving as the tools of media content analysis in the above-mentioned international studies conducted in Europe in 2012 – 2017 are critically reviewed, and the structure of a questionnaire for in-depth interviews planned within the COST Action IS1308 Populist Political Communication in Europe: Comprehending the Challenge of Mediated Political Populism for Democratic Politics is analyzed.

  • Qualitative Approaches in Populism Research

    Author: Artur Lipiński
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 244-256
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.15
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5615.pdf

    In recent years, the amount of empirical research on populism has increased dramatically. The purpose of this text is to analyze these strands of existing research on populism which employ qualitative methods. Additionally, the paper discusses their basic categories and research design, and highlights the advantages and drawbacks of each of these approaches. The paper presents the three most influential trends in qualitative research on populism: ideology analysismorphological approach, discourse theory, and historical-discursive analysis.

  • Challenges and Prospects of Polish Studies Regarding Populism – a Political-linguistic Approach

    Author: Małgorzata Kołodziejczak
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Author: Marta Wrześniewska-Pietrzak
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 257-267
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.16
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5616.pdf

    Populism is a multi-disciplinary research issue, especially as politics is concerned, present both in the social sciences and linguistics. Examined from different angles, it exhibits its semantic ambiguity and lack of a single definition. It is essential for cross-disciplinary studies to determine the definition of populism, which will also make it possible to determine the scope of the phenomenon under research. Such a possibility is ensured by the syndromized understanding of populism and by taking into account its manifestations on different levels of political discourse, including linguistic exponents, sender-recipient relations and a specific image of the world created within the framework of this discourse. The application of cognitive methodology in studies offers one of many research perspectives allowing populist discourse to be characterized from an interdisciplinary perspective, including a political-linguistic approach.

  • Anxiety Determinants of Populist Attitudes among Young People

    Author: Danuta Plecka
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Author: Agnieszka Turska-Kawa
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 256–269
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.15
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5215.pdf

    In 2015, so-called double (i.e., presidential and parliamentary) elections were held in Poland. The unquestionable winner of these elections was Law and Justice [Prawo i Sprawiedliwość], using slogans such as “good change” or “we’ll make it” in the campaign. The leitmotif of this campaign was discrediting any activities, including achievements, of the Civic Platform [Platforma Obywatelska] / Polish Peasant Party [Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe] coalition, addressing a “simple man” or the nation, and pointing out the need to involve the state institutions to implement the “good change” in favor of the “simple man”. Thus, Law and Justice adopted the anti-elitist position, pointing to the “pathologies of democracy in Poland”, mainly caused by the rule of the Liberals. Initiating the populist style of thinking was one of the reasons for the party’s success. This was an interesting research problem for us, especially that Law and Justice gained the trust of many young voters, aged 18–24.
    The success of Kukiz’15 Election Committee, based on the third place achieved by musician Paweł Kukiz in the presidential election, was also very significant for our research questions. It was fascinating because Kukiz’15 Electoral Committee, apart from the popular slogan about the need to establish single-member electoral districts (JOW) and anti-elitist approach, did not offer the voters any vision of socio-political order in terms of ideology or programme. Still, it managed to persuade citizens to vote for Kukiz’15 in the parliamentary election.
    These premises led to a research problem concerning the analysis of anxiety determinants that contributed to the positive reaction of voters, especially young ones, to the populist elements of the electoral campaign. Obviously, the fact that so-called soft populism is an inherent characteristic of all electoral campaigns was taken into account. Furthermore, we took into consideration the widespread occurrence of populist slogans in virtually all political programmes. Still, some questions remained unanswered, and the aim of the present study was to answer them. The primary question to answer is about the degree to which individual anxiety dispositions influence the development of populist attitudes among young people. Another important question is whether these are strong populist attitudes or just populist tendencies. The research results presented below are exploratory in character: this is only an introduction to further search for the answers to the above-mentioned questions.

  • The Symbolism of Populism

    Author: Andrei Taranu
    Institution: National School of Political Sciences and Public Administration in Bucharest
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64–75
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.05
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4805.pdf

    The vast majority of the papers on populism describe this political phenomenon as one which is very difficult to explain and to analyze due to its discursive versatility and behavioural chameleonism. Furthermore, I would argue that the term populism covers more political and social realities than one single term would normally concentrate from a semantic point of view. I focus more over the psychological roots of populism which can be observed in the political symbolic field. In that manner, I consider that political symbolic, as part of the behavioural theory, can be a better tool for unveiling the populist discourse than the usual techniques of political analysis.

  • Referendum zagrożeniem dla porządku demokratycznego? Refleksje dotyczące polskiej regulacji prawnej i praktyki referendalnej na tle najnowszych opinii zagranicznej doktryny prawa konstytucyjnego i nauk politycznych

    Author: Marcin M. Wiszowaty
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9740-2457
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-113
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.05
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5405.pdf

    In the latest literature on the subject, one can notice an increase in interest in direct de- mocracy on the one hand, and on the other – a clear increase in the skepticism of research- ers towards the idea of making binding and important decisions for the state by popu- lar vote. The purpose of this article is to present and analyze the latest views of foreign doctrine of constitutional law (and, in addition: political science) about the institution of the referendum and to compare them with the (general) analysis of the legal regula- tion of this institution in Poland, as well as to present the real impact of referendums on the decision-making process and public policies in Poland. As a result, an attempt will be made to assess the Polish legal regulation of referendum institutions in terms of their effectiveness on the one hand, and potential threats (or resistance to threats) to the democratic order on the other. Although direct democracy, and especially a referen- dum, have a wide range of critics in the scientific community accusing it of even being anti-democratic, radical proposals calling for the complete abolition of referendums are rare. The postulates of appropriate changes in the legal regulation concerning the ref- erendum prevail in order to make it resistant to dangerous modern phenomena: popu- lism, political cynicism, manipulation and propaganda. The implementation of all pos- tulates for changes reported by representatives of science will be very difficult. Noticing this fact may cause that the referendum will become a decision-making procedure very rarely launched. This seems to be the intention of researchers who submit their propos- als and reservations – that direct democracy should be only an exception to representa- tive democracy and that the former should not be used against the latter.

  • Kształtowanie się nowych podziałów społeczno-politycznych na przykładzie transformacji francuskiego systemu partyjnego

    Author: Jakub Potulski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-27
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.65.01
    PDF: apsp/65/apsp6501.pdf

    Artykuł poświęcony jest problematyce przemian zachodzących w ramach europejskich systemów partyjnych. Autor zwraca uwagę, że możemy obecnie obserwować proces rozpadu dotychczasowych podziałów socjopolitycznych i kształtowania się nowych podziałów. Proces ten jest efektem makropoziomowych procesów, które można określić jako rewolucja postindustrialna i rewolucja postnarodowa. Głównym celem artykułu jest próba weryfikacji hipotezy zakładającej, że efektem kształtowania się tzw. społeczeństwa informacyjnego będzie pojawienie się nowych podziałów społecznych politycznie doniosłych. Ponad pięćdziesiąt lat temu dwaj autorzy: Seymour Lipset i Staein Rokkan opublikowali książkę Party systems and voter alignments: cross-national perspectives. W pracy tej autorzy skojarzyli podziały społeczne z liniami podziałów politycznych kształtujących się w ramach europejskich systemów partyjnych. Lipset i Rokka dowodzili także, że istniejące podziały partyjne są efektem dwóch makropoziomowych procesów: rewolucji przemysłowej i rewolucji narodowej. Jednakże obecnie europejskie systemy partyjne przechodzą daleko idące przemiany. Można zaobserwować spadek poparcia dla „tradycyjnych” partii politycznych, a także rosnące poparcie dla tzw. ruchów antyestablishmentowych. Autor przyjął, że jest to efekt kształtowania się nowych podziałów socjopolitycznych będących efektem daleko idącej transformacji społecznej związanej z kształtowaniem się społeczeństwa informacyjnego. Dla potwierdzenia swojej hipotezy autor analizuje przemiany, które zaszły we francuskim systemie partyjnym. Według autora zmiany, które zaszły na francuskiej scenie politycznej, są dobrym stadium przypadku, które pozwala zrozumieć współczesne procesy społeczno- -polityczne.

  • Brexit, the rise of populism in the United Kingdom and the situation in Vietnam

    Author: Ho Thu Thao
    Institution: University of Social Sciences and Humanities
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 22-37
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202102
    PDF: cip/19/cip1902.pdf

    Populizm jest zjawiskiem skomplikowanym, ponieważ koncepcja ta nie tylko różni się zarówno w podejściu, jak i przejawach, ale także ukształtowała się w krajach i regionach poza Europą. Podczas gdy intelektualiści nieustannie krytykują i postrzegają to zjawisko jako zagrożenie, któremu należy zapobiegać, miliony ludzi w całej Europie jednocześnie okazują poparcie dla ruchów, partii i osób o ideologii populistycznej. Ten sprzeczny obraz pokazuje, że pojawienie się populizmu jest w istocie odzwierciedleniem szeregu niestabilnych i niepokojących problemów społeczno-politycznych, a także skrajnych emocji i bezsilności ludzi w takich sytuacjach. Celem artykułu jest zatem przyjrzenie się czynnikom napędzającym Brexit, a tym samym zbadanie populizmu na poziomie analizy na poziomie indywidualnym, grupowym, państwowym i systemowym. Wyjaśniając poglądy wietnamskich intelektualistów na temat populizmu, artykuł następnie omawia możliwość wzrostu populizmu w obecnej sytuacji społeczno-politycznej w Wietnamie.

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