post-communist transformation

  • The Formation of Local Self-government During the System Transformation Period in Poland and the Former GDR: A Comparative Study

    Author: Adam Jarosz
    E-mail: a.jarosz@ip.uz.zgora.pl
    Institution: University of Zielona Góra
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 679-693
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018407
    PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018407.pdf

    This paper presents changes that have occurred at the local level in Poland and new German federal states during the process of the post-communist system transformation. The stages of rebuilding the local self-government and its structures are analyzed. The experiences of Poland and Eastern Germany – two states where the system transformation took different courses – were compared. At the same time, both countries have different constitutional orders of the unitary state and federal state, and this context are interesting fields for a comparative analysis. This paper also confronts the two methods of institution building – the importing of well-established institutions and developing them in the evolutionary way, where in both cases path a dependency can be well observed. In Germany this is considered a special case (Sonderfall) of institutional transformation, in which the key role was played by the transference of institutions, personnel and financial means. This was also done much quicker and in a more structured and comprehensive way than in Poland. In the case of Poland, the creation of local self-government structures or shaping the political actors was a grassroots and evolutionary process. This article points out the most important factors that had a crucial significance in the course and results of the transformation and explains different ways of developing the system of democratic local self-government.

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