prawa kobiet

  • Konwencja Rady Europy w sprawie zapobiegania i zwalczania przemocy wobec kobiet i przemocy domowej – wybrane problemy konstytucyjnoprawne

    Author: Piotr Czarny
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 93-107
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.01.05
    PDF: ppk/13/ppk1305.pdf

    The article focuses on issues related to ratification in Poland of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. It includes an analysis of constitutionality of the certain provisions of the Convention. In the author’s view, the Convention does not contain any provisions inconsistent with the Constitution of Poland. However, he claims that proper interpretation of this document requires analysis of its authentic texts in English and French.

  • Equality in the Icelandic Legal and Social Concept

    Author: Małgorzata Babula
    Institution: Higher School of Law and Administration Rzeszów School of Higher Education
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5570-1814
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 533-544
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.43
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5843.pdf

    For over a decade, Iceland has been ranked first among countries around the world in the field of equality between women and men, both in the legal and social aspects. But such a spectacular achievement is not the result of legal regulations developed today or even in the last few decades. This is the final achievement of consistent, over a century of work - especially of women - for the proper and equal treatment of people, regardless of gender, and other differentiating factors. And although it is probably not realistic to create an ideal model, the Icelanders managed to work out a very difficult thing. Coexisting at the intersection of great attachment to tradition and the church, they noticed the subjectivity of each individual, as well as the right of this individual to be an equal subject of human rights and liberties. So, what is the concept of equality shaped in contemporary Iceland, and what legal and social processes have Icelanders undergone to achieve such exemplary standards? Pointing it out is the aim of this article.

  • Threat to a Woman’s Life or Health as a Premise for Termination of Pregnancy in the Light of Constitutional and Statutory Provisions in Force in Poland

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3362-7363
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 383-394
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.30
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6430.pdf

    The right to the protection of life and health is one of the fundamental human rights. Therefore, it cannot be restricted on the basis of gender, especially when we are dealing with a pregnant woman. Meanwhile, in Poland, since the 1990s, there has been a process of limiting access to legal abortion. Democratically elected authorities have the right to shape the legal system in this area as well, however, by virtue of a ruling of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal in 2020, abortion has been outlawed in cases where pregnancy threatens a woman’s life or health. The number of cases where doctors refuse to help pregnant women is increasing, and there is even a loss of a woman’s life as a result of doctors’ passivity. In these circumstances, it is necessary to analyse the regulations in force in Poland and determine what is currently the scope of a woman’s rights, what is the scope of a doctor’s duties, and whether the regulations do not excessively hinder access to legal abortion.

  • The Congress of Polish Women as an example of the struggle for women’s rights

    Author: Jolanta Kaczmarek
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4927-8639
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 345-368
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201818
    PDF: siip/17/siip1718.pdf

    When considering the issues related to the fight for women’s political it is not possible to disregard some of the most important factors determining the level of women’s participation in political life. As regards scientific discussion on the presence of women in government roles, the most frequently cited reason contributing to lesser representation of women are biological, social, ideological, structural, cultural, religious and economic factors. 100 years have passed and women, who account for slightly more than a half of the Polish society, still have too low representation in the parliament, in many cases their salaries are lower than those of men at similar positions, they play specific social and professional roles assigned on the grounds of sex, and still some people try to marginalize them professionally and deprive of their freedoms. The aim of this text is to analyze premises for the establishing of the Association of Congress of Women and results achieved over the past ten years. The main objectives adopted for purpose of the text include the verification of demands set by the Association and their implementation, and the analysis of its activity in terms of socio-political changes. Content analysis was used as the method.

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