prawa mniejszości

  • System wyborczy w państwie wielonarodowym. Analiza przypadku Hiszpanii

    Author: Małgorzata Myśliwiec
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
    Year of publication: 2010
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-126
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2010.01.09
    PDF: ppk/01/ppk109.pdf

    Multinationalism is one of the most important features of the Spanish state. After General Franco`s death in 1975 the nature of this political reality has induced the political elites to begin the process of construction of so-called regional state. The recognition of the principle of pluralism has binded members of the Spanish parliament to pass the electoral law which ensure that all territorial groups may have their representation in representative bodies in four levels of the political decision making process: European, national, regional and the local one.Thus, the main aim of this article is to present some basics of the legal solutions adopted in the Spanish electoral law, which in one hand allow to save the unitary state, but on the other hand ensure the respect of the ethnoregional minorities rights.

  • Ślōnskŏ godka – przaśny folklor czy język regionalny?

    Author: Małgorzata Myśliwiec
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-120
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.03.05
    PDF: ppk/15/ppk1505.pdf

    In two national censuses, made in the years 2002 and 2011, Silesians emerged as the largest minority occurring in the territory of the Polish Republic. Those researches show also that Silesians are the largest group that use its own ethnolect in domestic relations. In 2002, belonging to that minority declared 173 153 persons, and the use of Silesian ethnolect in domestic relations: 56 643 people. In 2011, the membership of this group declared more than 800 000 people, and the use of regional language more than 500 000. The problem lies in the fact that the Polish state does not recognize the existence of this minority in legal terms. This in turn results in increase of tensions between the center and periphery.Therefore the main purpose of this paper is to show efforts of the Silesian minority for a legal empowerment of the group, in particular, shows most advanced activities for the statutory recognition of the Silesian ethnolect as a regional language.

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