prawa wyborcze

  • Pozbawienie praw publicznych jako środek karny w aspekcie realizacji praw wyborczych

    Author: Radosław Zych
    E-mail: radzy@doktorant.umk.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Author: Tomasz Kowalczyk
    E-mail: tomas_k@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2012.02.06
    PDF: ppk/10/ppk1006.pdf

    The Polish legal system excludes certain categories of persons from the group have the right to vote (and thus they do not have the right to be elected). The Constitution of the art. Paragraph 62. 2 provides that the right to vote is not entitled to such persons deprived of their civil rights by a final court judgment, or as a result of the institution of criminal law – one from the penalty. Moreover, the 0right to vote shall not be entitled persons deprived of their voting rights by a final judgment of the Court of State. It is a spontaneous deprivation of voting rights (while leaving other public rights), a penalty adjudicated by the Court in resolving the legal liability of persons holding the highest positions in the state. The existence of the measure or criminal penalties in the literature is treated as so. „Clauses negative” because the cause deprivation of electoral rights. Moreover, these reasons for limiting the scope of these rights are regarded as „socially and morally justified”. In the catalog of punitive measures set out in art. 39 k.k. vain to seek the penalty in the form of deprivation of voting rights for public authorities. According to the wording of art. 40 § 2 k.k. it is only one of several elements that make up the substance of a measure of criminal deprivation of civil rights. Considerations made this show that the deprivation of civil rights as a criminal and the deprivation of voting rights as a punishment take on major importance for the practical implementation of symptoms and the electoral rights of these reflections are not purely theoretical.

  • O potrzebie refleksji w sprawie praw wyborczych osób ubezwłasnowolnionych. Część I

    Author: Łukasz Buczkowski
    E-mail: lbuczkowski@pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0147-4721
    Author: Magdalena Taraszkiewicz
    E-mail: mtaraszkiewicz@ pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1297-8279
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-119
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.02.07
    PDF: ppk/48/ppk4807.pdf

    The aim of the article is to analyze critically the institution of incapacitation under Polish law, in the light of its impact on the exclusion of electoral rights of people affected by intellectual disability and mental disorders, in relation to whom Art. 13 and 16 of the Civil Code have been applied. The automatic relationship between incapacitation of a person and the deprivation of his/her right to participate in the election, sanctioned in Art. 62 of the Constitution, shows the contradiction with the international standards to protect the rights of persons with disabilities, expressed in the agreements ratified by Poland and the case law of the ECHR, and it also stands in opposition to the demands expressed by international organizations that uphold individual rights.

  • O potrzebie refleksji w sprawie praw wyborczych osób ubezwłasnowolnionych. Część II 3

    Author: Łukasz Buczkowski
    E-mail: lbuczkowski@pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0147-4721
    Author: Magdalena Taraszkiewicz
    E-mail: mtaraszkiewicz@pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1297-8279
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 163-179
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.03.08
    PDF: ppk/49/ppk4908.pdf

    The problem of limiting the political rights of people with intellectual disabilities under Polish law has been a matter of interest for the Ombudsman for a long time, consistently postulating legislative work aimed at eliminating the institution of legal incapacitation from the Polish legal order, and it is reflected in the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court and in the activity of the social organisations. The article indicates the need postulated in the doctrine of the constitutional law to replace the Polish model of substitute decision by instruments of supported decision-making by people affected by intellectual disability and the need to have the ability to use the political rights by an individual assessed thoroughly each time by an impartial body, including the fundamental right to elect his/her representatives, while applying some measures restricting the individual’s discretionary power under civil law.

  • Achievements and Challenges of the Contemporary Polish Electoral Law

    Author: Łukasz Buczkowski
    E-mail: lxb@wp.pl
    Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0147-4721
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-143
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.09
    PDF: ppk/51/ppk5109.pdf

    The aim of the article is to present recent amendments to the Electoral Code respect- ing constitutional right to a court and to describe some selected proposals for chang- es within the Polish electoral law, which – despite the fact that they were formulated by the doctrine of constitutional law and were raised in the legislative process – in cer- tain cases have not yet been reflected in subsequent amendments to the Electoral Code. The analysis included the admissibility of bringing an appeal to the court against the decisions of the National Electoral Commission and some cyclical demands to abol- ish the election silence. The assessment of the indicated issues was made in the light of the science of law, the decisions of the Constitutional Court and the proposed amend- ment bills to the electoral law.

  • Konstrukcja terminów w polskim Kodeksie wyborczym a możliwość realizacji praw wyborczych. Wybrane problemy

    Author: Agata Pyrzyńska
    E-mail: agatapyrzynska@ poczta.onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4573-4310
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-91
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.01.04
    PDF: ppk/59/ppk5904.pdf

    There is no doubt that it is important for the electoral process to shape the structure and chronology of electoral activities properly. This is important both from the point of view of the elections organizing services, but also the electoral committees, candidates and the voters. The statutory arrangement of terms and directional assumptions concerning them should therefore take into account the needs and capabilities of both these groups. However, due to the fact that election practice has repeatedly indicated that the assumptions about deadlines cause significant problems during the electoral process, it is worth paying more attention to this issue. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether the Polish legislator, when making general assumptions about deadlines, took into account the nature of electoral rights, or whether he was mainly guided by organizational considerations

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