prawo

  • Polityka antyterrorystyczna jako dylemat demokracji liberalnej

    Author: dr Marek Górka
    Institution: Politechnika Koszalińska
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 62-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201704
    PDF: siip/16/siip1604.pdf

    Anti-terrorism policy as a dilemma of liberal democracy

    Terrorism is harmful to democratic governments and societies. In addition to the visible and the direct effects of attacks on bystanders, aim bombers are undermining democratic values, including the weakening of confidence in state institutions and laws that regulate their functioning. As a result of the use of violence can permanently give birth to create a socio-political divisions, antagonize certain entities and groups, and thus provoke conflicts thus destroying the existing compromises, agreements or arrangements between the parties concerned. In matters of international terrorism it is not only a challenge for the rule of law, but because it also applies to relations between states, poses a serious threat to security and stability.

  • Transformacja prawnokonstytucyjna Republiki Chorwacji dokonana w trakcie procedury monitoringowej Rady Europy

    Author: Robert Osypowicz
    E-mail: r.osypowicz@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 237-252
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.05.14
    PDF: ppk/33/ppk3314.pdf

    Autor analizuje konstytucyjną transformację, jaka dokonała się w Republice Chorwacji w okresie trwania procedury monitoringowej Rady Europy. Chorwacja, uzyskując członkostwo w Radzie Europy, zobowiązała się do szeregu zmian w swym systemie konstytu-cyjnym, zgodnie z wartościami i standardami reprezentowanymi przez Radę Europy. Dotyczyło to m.in. ochrony mniejszości narodowych, wolności mediów, zmian w systemie amorządu terytorialnego i w prawie wyborczym. Realizacja tych zobowiązań była kontrolowana przez Komisję Monitoringową Zgromadzenia Parlamentarnego Rady Europy. Rada Europy, poprzez Komisję Wenecką, pomagała Chorwacji w realizacji tych zobowiązań.

  • Ochrona małżeństwa i rodziny w świetle Konstytucji RP

    Author: Sylwia Stecko
    E-mail: sylwia.204@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 207-218
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.02.12
    PDF: ppk/36/ppk3612.pdf

    This article covers the considerations on the protection of marriage and the family in the light of the Polish Constitution. It aims to present the good of the family and its protection in the light of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997. It can be reasonably assumed that marriage and the family are the values that occupy a special position in the hierarchy of constitutional values so that they are under the protection and care of the Republic of Poland. Each family – complete, incomplete or without children – is subject to protection. The task of the State is to protect the rights of the family, that is to create such conditions in which members of the family will be able to exercise human rights, to which they are entitled by the virtue of belonging to the family. The public authorities in their actions should support the family in the performance of its social features, but in a way that is subtle without excessive interference in the sphere of family life.

  • Konstytucyjne prawo dziecka do wychowania w rodzinie

    Author: Sylwia Stecko
    E-mail: Sylwia.204@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Source: Show
    Pages: 195-206
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.04.10
    PDF: ppk/38/ppk3810.pdf

    This article covers the considerations on the issues related to the constitutional right to education in the family. It aims to present the nature and extent of the constitutional rights of parents in the process of raising a child while taking into account the international standards applicable in this area. On the basis of the material gathered it can be reasonably assumed that it is the parents in the first place that should provide conditions necessary for the proper development of the child. The responsibility of the state is only to assist families who are educationally inefficient both in terms of emotional and substantive support. In summary, the purpose of a wide variety of assistance offered by the state is first of all to restore family capabilities to its independent and proper functioning.

  • Zmiany w polskim prawie wyborczym z 2015 r.

    Author: Radosław Zych
    E-mail: radzy84@o2.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-25
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.04.01
    PDF: ppk/32/ppk3201.pdf

    W 2015 r. polski kodeks wyborczy został zmieniony mocą trzech ustaw. W niniejszym artykule dokonam analizy, moim zdaniem, najważniejszych zmian w polskim prawie wyborczym wynikających ze wspomnianych ustaw. Zmiany wprowadzone do prawa wyborczego w 2015 r. mają różny ciężar gatunkowy. Niektóre z nich są stricte techniczne (np. te odnoszące się do kart do głosowania, przeźroczystych urn wyborczych), inne mają charakter dowodowy (jak możliwość nagrywania prac obwodowych komisji wyborczych), uzupełniający (odsyłający do odpowiedniego stosowania przepisów na temat ważności wyborów do rad względem organów wykonawczych, zadania Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej), systemowy (określające kadencję członków PKW). Pomimo że potrzeba pewnych modyfikacji była postulowana w doktrynie, to częste zmiany prawa wyborczego mogą być uznawane jako przejaw jego instrumentalizacji.

  • ZNACZENIE PODSTAWOWYCH ZASAD PRAWA WYBORCZEGO W POLSKIEJ RZECZPOSPOLITEJ LUDOWEJ A III RZECZPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ

    Author: TOMASZ KOWALCZYK
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 225-247
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso150212
    PDF: hso/9/hso912.pdf

    This article presents a comparison of the principles of electoral law in the Polish People’s Republic and the Third Polish Republic: political deliberations pertaining to elections in a democratic system and an undemocratic (authoritarian) system. In theory, there were not major differences between the two. The paper does not analyse the very practice of elections.

  • Legal Regulation of Lobbying in Poland: Key Issues

    Author: Rafał Willa
    E-mail: rafalw@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1373-3823
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 245-254
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.18
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5718.pdf

    What proves to be characteristic of the democratic system is the fact that it constantly witnesses various tensions between authorities, opposition, citizens, diverse legal subjects, advocacy groups, etc. Their disputes concern changing or upholding the existing legal environment, which is unavoidable in this case. This situation is not surprising or improper as lobbying understood in this way is an immanent, often useful part of the system. However, what may be puzzling is the fact that democratic political systems are characterized by the variety of attitudes adopted by authorities toward the practice - from pretending it does not exist (and thus requires no regulations) to implementing regulations of a highly general nature. Poland experiences both the practice itself and the attempts to legally regulate it. The aim of the article is to critically analyze the existing situation.

  • Law in “Times of Crisis” and Social Justice - General Remarks in the Era of COVID-19

    Author: Krzysztof Wygoda
    E-mail: krzysztof.wygoda@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0997-5512
    Author: Dariusz Wasiak
    E-mail: dariusz.wasiak@wsb.wroclaw.pl
    Institution: WSB University in Wrocław
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6057-7475
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 235-244
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.19
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5819.pdf

    The purpose of the article is to signal that actions aimed at implementing the principle of social justice (in the context of Article 2 of the Polish Constitution) require the legislator to consider a number of variables. It is particularly about the principle of equality and guaranteeing an appropriate level of security (including social security), as well as respect for acquired rights and trust in the state and law. Legislative actions that result in legitimate securitization of the law may of course lead to the limitation of the principle of social justice, as long as they take into account the objective needs of safety and health protection. The use of inadequate measures by the legislator or the creation of apparent threats and the related fear by the power apparatus will evoke a deep sense of injustice and lead to violent opposition from society.

  • Peaceful Ways of Solving International Disputes by the Mediation Method and Legal Security of State

    Author: Marcin Jurgilewicz
    E-mail: m.jurgilewicz@prz.edu.pl
    Institution: Rzeszow University of Technology
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2243-2165
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 317-329
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.26
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5826.pdf

    Nowadays, international disputes appear in the public space, which results, for example, from the fact that the needs are unlimited and the goods are limited. Due to its specific nature, the international environment requires a compromise between the entities operating in it. A desirable direction in case of conflicts between international entities is to resolve them by peaceful means. In the international environment, one of the largest international organizations - the United Nations - is of great significance, especially in the field of maintaining international order and peace. In turn, according to the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, it is possible to resolve international disputes by peaceful means, and among the characteristic methods used in this type of proceedings is the mediation method, the effectiveness of which allows, in the long term, to maintain the desired state of peace, strengthening the legal security of the state.

  • Zmiany w strukturze centralnej administracji publicznej w świetle ustawy o krajowym systemie cyberbezpieczeństwa z 2018 r.

    Author: Marzena Toumi
    E-mail: m.toumi@akademia. mil.pl
    Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3838-1315
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 325-339
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.20
    PDF: ppk/60/ppk6020.pdf

    Changes in the Structure of the Central Public Administration in the Light of the Act on the National Cybersecurity System of 2018

    The national security of Poland in the 21 st century is strongly influenced by the process- es taking place in the contemporary global security environment. They are characterized by high dynamics and complexity of changes as well as the occurrence of asymmetrical threats, among which the most dangerous are threats in cyberspace. The functioning of the state and the implementation of their constitutional obligations are increasingly de- pendent on the development of modern technologies, the information society and the smooth functioning of cyberspace, which is largely dependent on the security of the ICT infrastructure enabling the use of cyberspace, information resources and services accu- mulated therein. thanks to it they function. Rapid progress in the field of digital technol- ogies necessitates the effective use of the latest technologies while creating the opportu- nity for the Polish state to leave the role of only the user and join the group of countries with an effectively functioning digital economy, providing solutions and co-creating in- ternational standards. To meet these expectations, the President of the Republic of Po- land signed the Act on the national cybersecurity system on 1 August 2018, implementing the Directive of the European Parliament and the Council (EU) into the Polish legal or- der regarding measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems in the territory of Union (Directive 2016/1148) – (the so-called NIS Directive).

  • Prawo do świadczeń z pomocy społecznej w świetle Konstytucji RP

    Author: Sylwia Stecko
    E-mail: Sylwia.204@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4136-0371
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 357-371
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.22
    PDF: ppk/60/ppk6022.pdf

    The right to social assistance benefits in the light of the Polish Constitution

    This article discusses the right to social assistance benefits in the light of the Polish Con- stitution. Its purpose is to present the principles and legal norms directly related to this law. On the basis of the material contained therein, it can reasonably be assumed that among the values and norms specified in the Constitution and relating to the sphere of human social rights, human dignity deserves special attention, as well as the principle of subsidiarity, which are related to the issues of social assistance.

  • Wacław Komarnicki (1891–1954) – Socio-Political Views and Activities

    Author: Witold Wojdyło
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4185-4777
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 75-101
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/pbs.2020.04
    PDF: pbs/8/pbs804.pdf

    An in-depth analysis presented in this article concludes that the views and socio-political activities of Wacław Komarnicki were aimed at reasserting the Polish national interest and realizing the idea of the state of law associated with the rule of law. The analysis is based on archival and printed sources and selected literature on the subject. It required the use of appropriate research methods. The biographical method, in conjunction with the content analysis method, proved to be most helpful. Among the research techniques, the analysis of testimonies of political thought proved to be particularly useful.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart