prawo naturalne

  • Problem aksjomatyczności zasady autowłasności w filozofii politycznej libertarianizmu

    Author: Łukasz Dominiak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 42–64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.49.03
    PDF: apsp/49/apsp4903.pdf

    Przedmiotem badań podejmowanym w tekście jest jedna z głównych podstaw teoretycznych libertarianizmu: zasada autowłasności. Problemem badawczym artykułu jest pytanie: Czy zasada autowłasności jest aksjomatem? Metodą badawczą zastosowaną w artykule jest metoda disputatio. Na podstawie przeprowadzonych badań w tekście proponowana jest teza afirmatywna: zasada autowłasności ma status logiczny aksjomatu. Artykuł prezentuje wypracowaną siatkę pojęciową rozróżniającą samoposiadanie, auto własność i uzasadnienie autowłasności oraz rozwija linię argumentacyjną wskazującą, że choć prima facie to samoposiadanie, a nie autowłasność jest aksjomatem, to ponieważ samoposiadanie z konieczności implikuje autowłasność, to także autowłasność musi mieć status logiczny aksjomatu.

  • Prawo jako centrum życia. Uwagi historyczno-filozoficzne na tle przemian konstytucjonalizmu

    Author: Michał Peno
    E-mail: michal.peno@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9905-3783
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-32
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.01
    PDF: ppk/47/ppk4701.pdf

    The main purpose of the article is to analyze the conception of constitution emerg ing from the ancient, early modern and modern political philosophy. On the ground of the so called constitutionalism, polis can be seen as the first holistic vision of the public sphere. It can be said that the idea of polis constitutes ethical relationship be tween the citizen and the state. The paper attempts to examine constitutional thought in a historical perspective and to penetrate the structure of the fundamental premises and theses of the modern concepts of constitution and constitutionalism, in the con text of the idea and the ethical philosophy of polis. The main thesis is that the idea of constitution (in broad sense) is derived from natural law categories, and there is an essential connection between the idea of constitution and the autonomy of citizens and their rights. In the post-enlightenment era we attach too much hope to the writ ten constitution, whereas the most important are public virtues and common values. The deliberative model of the state and the soul of politea – polis is much more import ant than written law and written constitution. It can be assumed that the authority of modern constitution (and the role of modern constitutionalism) depends on our abil ity to re-discover the values (the soul) of polis.

  • References to Natural Law in the Constitutions of Modern States

    Author: Grzegorz Maroń
    E-mail: gmaron@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3861-9103
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 269-282
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.20
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5720.pdf

    The article is a comparative study of constitutional references to natural law, with a particular emphasis on the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. The findings presented in the study are both of qualitative and quantitative nature. References to natural law, recognized in the constitutions of 48 countries in the world, relate almost exclusively to fundamental human rights and freedoms. Usually, the constitution-maker assigns the title “natural” or “inherent” to all fundamental rights of person or to some of them. In none of the Basic Laws, natural law has been included into formal sources of law, nor its hierarchical relation to positive law shown. No constitution specifies a definite concept of natural law. The authors of the constitutions, speaking generally about natural rights, have not wanted to engage in philosophical and legal disputes accompanying the category of ius naturale.

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