prawo wyborcze

  • Przewaga konkurencyjna partii politycznych finansowanych z budżetu państwa w Polsce

    Author: Andrzej Stelmach
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3747-0466
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-138
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.08
    PDF: ppk/60/ppk6008.pdf

    Competitive advantage of political parties financed by the state budget in Poland

    The article concerns the principles of financing of political parties in Poland. The thesis about creating a competitive advantage of the parties financed from the state budget over other parties was verified. An analysis of the amount of subsidies and other funds paid to eligible political parties was carried out. Particular attention was paid to the domina- tion of funds from the budget over other sources of finance of the largest political par- ties. In conclusion, it was proposed to significantly limit the statutory subsidy and, as a consequence, replace it with voluntary taxation of citizens.

  • Lewellerzy i powszechne prawo wyborcze podczas debaty w Putney (1647 r.)

    Author: Lucyna Chmielewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0715-550X
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.01.09
    PDF: ppk/65/ppk6509.pdf

    Levellers and Universal Manhood Suffrage During the Putney Dabates (1647)

    This is a review article. Its purpose is to present the findings of researchers on the English Levellers’ attitude to universal manhood suffrage, especially during the Putney Debates (1647). This issue is not clear and the dispute of researchers has been going on since the 1960s. The aim of the article is to present the findings on this issue contained in the important English studies on Levellers. The article presents the results of research that allows to answer the questions: whether the Levellers really supported the universal manhood suffrage, or were they therefore unconditional democrats? and why despite the success achieved during the Putney Debates the electoral reform proposed by them did not gain broad support.

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