Due to the Constitution of 1952, the Council of State gained the status of the supreme organ of state power which was to strengthen the control of the Sejm over the govern- ment between the sessions. It operated on a collegial basis and its composition reflect- ed the political face of the Sejm. The Council of State has received a wide range of com- petences, including very significant power to issue decrees with the force of law, which meant that in certain periods it became the main legislator limiting the legislative ac- tivity of the Sejm. Thanks to decree-making activities, it had a huge impact on the shap- ing and functioning of legal system. In practice, it also took over control rights over the government. Due to the real nature of this body in the system of state organs, it can be stated that the political purpose for which the Council of State was established has been significantly expanded.