precedens

  • Piętno casusu Kosowa

    Author: Katarzyna Grabowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 396-417
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201620
    PDF: siip/15/siip1520.pdf

    Stigma of casus Kosovo

    Often in the context of the anne xation of the Crimea was reminded precedent created after the independence of Kosovo. This comparison not quite correct, gives rise to discussion about what options this precedent creates. From time perspective it is much easier recognize its importance for the present and future of international politics. The purpose of this article is to indicate, based on the analysis of the case of Kosovo, its effects in relation to the contemporary status quo in the international system. Through this case study, will be indicated areas, in which is the greatest probability of use the precedent resulting in Kosovo. This will be the basis for deliberations about about whether it is possible take nay remedies, to prevent new attempts to use the case of Kosovo as an argument in the “competition” in the international arena.

  • Znaczenie doktryny stare decisis dla sądowej kontroli konstytucyjności prawa USA – między stabilnością orzecznictwa a instrumentalizmem

    Author: Diana Pustuła
    E-mail: diana.pustula@doctoral.uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6627-4520
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 79-91
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.03.04
    PDF: ppk/49/ppk4904.pdf

    All American courts have a right to examine the conformity of legal acts with the Constitution as the basis for issuing a decision, creating a diffused system of judicial review. Court precedents and the stare decisis doctrine become the stabilizing factor of jurisprudence. However, it is not easy to make an unequivocal assessment of the role of the stare decisis doctrine for judicial review due to a number of factors that affect its significance. They include the formal lack of absolute nature of the court decisions, or the fact that the Federal US Supreme Court is not bound by its own rulings. The latter fact seems particularly important in the assessment of the subject matter in the context of considerable judicial activism and the way the judges are nominated and approved for, in principle, lifetime positions. In this publication, all the above-mentioned factors have been analyzed in order to assess the significance of the stare decisis doctrine for judicial review in the US as accurately as possible.

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