premier

  • The Specificity of Presidential Systems of Government in Francophone African Countries

    Author: Łukasz Jakubiak
    E-mail: lukasz.jakubiak@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Cracow
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 49-69
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.03
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4003.pdf

    The paper deals with distinguishing features of presidential systems of government adopted in the current or former constitutions of some Francophone African countries, such as Benin, Djibouti, Ivory Coast or the Republic of Congo. Particular attention has been devoted to the internal structure of the executive branch of government (the existence of the prime minister as a separate body) as well as to the reception of diverse mechanisms of rationalised parliamentarianism created previously in the constitution of the French Fifth Republic. The dynamics of constitutional changes leading to the adoption of presidentialism in place of semi-presidentialism and vice versa in such countries as Niger or Senegal has also been taken into account. In the light of the findings, it can be stated that the specific properties of presidentialism in Francophone Africa prove its apparent distinctness from certain typical assumptions of this model.

  • Wotum zaufania na gruncie Ustawy Zasadniczej RFN z 1949 r. i Konstytucji RP z 1997 r. w kontekście racjonalizacji systemu parlamentarnego obu państw

    Author: Maciej Pach
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 229-258
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.01.10
    PDF: ppk/17/ppk1710.pdf

    The article contains a comparative analysis of the provisions concerning the vote of confidence currently in force in Germany and Poland. The aim of the article is to evaluate the level of the parliamentary system’s rationalization in both countries, as far as the aforementioned legal institution is concerned. The concept of the rationalization of parliamentarism is construed by the author as aiming at political stability and effectiveness by means of properly formed legal tools, through strengthening of the government at the expense of the legislative power. The multifunctional character of the German vote of confidence and, especially, the lack of the chancellor’s obligation to dismiss in case of defeat at the voting on the motion in the parliament, justify the conclusion that the German version of the analyzed institution fulfills the concept of the rationalized parliamentarism more accurately than its Polish counterpart.

  • Kompetencje i zadania Prezesa Rady Ministrów i Rady Ministrów w ramach polityki bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Adam Sokołowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 209-231
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201611
    PDF: siip/15/siip1511.pdf

    Competences and tasks of the Prime Minister and the government within security policy

    In the article the author has analyzed the public administration competent for security policy, centered under the aegis of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers itself. By reviewing the most important legal acts, and based on texts were included the competences and tasks of the institutions established to protect the life and health of citizens of the Republic of Poland, during the time of warand peace. Leaning at scientific journals author described the main functions of institutions that support government and the prime minister in the security policy. By making analysis and based on the descriptions, author reveals changes in the process of creating of institutions protecting internal and external security together under the umbrella of government activity as executive power.

  • Rząd w rozwiązaniach ustrojowych Polski, Czech i Słowacji

    Author: Łukasz Siedlik
    E-mail: lukaszsiedlik@onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0381-1701
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 73-90
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.04.04
    PDF: ppk/50/ppk5004.pdf

    The article deals with the issue of government in Central and Eastern Europe, understood as one of the executive branch entities, appointed by the representative body, on the example of three countries, the Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. These countries are joined by a common, difficult history, a system of government adopted after 1989, mutual neighborhood, convergent interests. The executive model functioning in these countries sets Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the group of states with a parliamentary- cabinet system of government. In addition to the president elected in direct elections, there is a collegial body-government headed by the prime minister. The government with the prime minister is de facto the subject with the greatest resource of power and a fundamental influence on the country’s policy, both in the national and foreign dimensions.

  • Przewodniczący Rządu w Republice Czeskiej - ewolucja pozycji ustrojowej i praktyka konstytucyjna

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    E-mail: jacekwojnicki@poczta.onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4289-989X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 273-294
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.04.14
    PDF: ppk/56/ppk5614.pdf

    Chairman of the Government in the Czech Republic - Evolution of Political System and Constitutional Practice

    The article discusses the evolution of the political position of heads of government in the Czech Republic. Time censures are between 1992 and 2019. The institution of the Prime Minister has become a real instrument of political power for the leaders of political groups in the country discussed. The parliamentary model of government in force in the Czech Republic assumes close cooperation between the legislative and executive authorities. The analysis includes both the constitutional regulations and political practice of the last nearly 30 years.

  • The Evolution of the Systemic Position of the Prime Minister of Hungary - Legal Regulations and Constitutional Practice

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    E-mail: jacekwojnicki@poczta.onet.pl
    Institution: Warsaw University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4289-989X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 481-499
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.35
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5735.pdf

    The article discusses the issues of evolution of the political position of heads of government in Hungary. The time frame is between 1990 and 2020. A wide historical spectrum is included as well, showing the transformations of the supreme bodies of state power. After 1989, Hungary opted to establish a parliamentary cabinet system, with some strengthening of the government’s powers. The institution of the Prime Minister has become a real instrument of political power for the leaders of political factions in the countries discussed. The analysis takes into account both constitutional regulations and political practice over the past nearly 30 years. A particular strengthening of the political position of the Prime Minister can be seen after 2010.

  • Dualizm władzy wykonawczej w III Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - regulacje konstytucyjne i praktyka polityczna

    Author: Bożena Dziemidok-Olszewska
    E-mail: bozena.dziemidok-olszewska@umcs.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2944-5073
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-29
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.01.01
    PDF: ppk/65/ppk6501.pdf

    Dualism of Executive Power in the Third Polish Republic – Constitutional Regulations and Political Practice

    The aim of the article is a critical analysis of the rationalized parliamentary system established in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland with the strengthened position of both bodies of the dualistic executive. The study presents the regulations increasing the political role of the President and the government (prime minister) as well as the conditions and political effects of the adopted system. The premise of the article is to highlight the dysfunctionality of the constittional model of the executive and the practice of its implementation.

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