prevention

  • Pupils’ Aggressive Behaviour towards Teachers in Elementary Schools in Slovakia

    Author: Miriam Niklová
    Author: Michaela Šajgalová
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 104-115
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.46.4.09
    PDF: tner/201604/tner20160409.pdf

    Pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers is a serious educational problem prompting social need for its solution in the school environment. The present research study aims to monitor the current state of pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers. The study is of a theoretical-empirical nature. At the theoretical level, the issue is relatively little treated in the Slovak professional literature. It is paid more attention by foreign authors. The empirical section of the study presents results of our research conducted in Slovakia in 2016 among teachers of the elementary school second level in the Banská Bystrica and Žilina regions, as well as among professional staff at centres for pedagogical counselling and prevention. The research paid special attention to forms of aggressive behaviour, gender differences and causes of these serious behavioural disorders in pupils. Pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers may have a variety of forms of which the verbal form such as back-talking and vulgarisms towards teachers is the most frequent. Gender differences recorded in pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers showed the prevalence of boys. From the aspect of causes of pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers, those were mainly improper parenting and a lack of teacher authority.

  • Profilaktyka presuicydalna w Polsce i Japonii. Analiza na przykładzie kampanii „Zobacz… Znikam” oraz „Sleep Campaign” – „Tato, jak spałeś?”

    Author: Marlena Stradomska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-97
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kimwe2019107
    PDF: kim/2019_1/kim2019107.pdf

    Suicidal prevention in Poland and Japan. Analysis on the example campaign “Look… I disappearing”, “Sleep Campaign” - “Dad, how did you sleep?”

    Japan appears as a distant, modern and highly developed country, as compared to Poland is an economic power. These countries divide ten thousand kilometers, the Land of the Rising Sun is the only place in the world where you can interact with unique culture and modern technology. However, despite the many differences associated with the functioning of both countries, they share many common components, for example those that relate to health care. The suicide problem occurs both in Japan and Poland. There is no single cause of suicide, which is why prevention, protection of the health and lives of citizens is so important. The article includes preventive programs and social campaigns on the example of each state. Social campaign of the Foundation “Zobacz… Jestem”-“Look.. I disappearing” and Campaign Otōsan, genkidesuka? (お父さん、元気ですか) called Sleep Campaing – “Dad, how did you sleep?”, which is implemented in Japan.

  • Diagnostics of teenagers’ disposition towards destructive communication as a way of youth extremism prevention

    Author: Rimma Mukhametovna Fatykhova
    Author: Darya Vasilyevna Mingazova
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 102-111
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2015.42.4.08
    PDF: tner/201504/tner20150408.pdf

    The article presents the authors’ methods of determining teenagers’ disposition towards destructive communication, identifies the main types of destructive communication and provides their psychological characteristics. It specifies the correlation between destructive communication and certain personal qualities of teenagers. It also determines the main role of the diagnostics of teenagers’ disposition towards destructive communication as a way of youth extremism prevention in the system of correcting conditions of this type of interactions.

  • The diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

    Author: Tomáš Jablonský
    Author: Oľga Okálová
    Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 112-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2015.42.4.09
    PDF: tner/201504/tner20150409.pdf

    Prenatal exposure of a child to alcohol may cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FAS/FASD). As a result, the affected child may exhibit lower intellect, neurosensory disorders, hyperactivity, executive functions disorder, abstract thinking and behaviour disorders combined with growth disorders and facial dysmorphia. In addition, undiagnosed and untreated children may suffer from serious secondary and tertiary disabilities. The aim of this paper is to provide a research overview of practical information about FAS/FASD syndrome, a presentation of the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code method and a sample of the research results by the first Centre of Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of FAS in Slovakia.

  • Młodzież w obliczu problemu uzależnień od substancji psychoaktywnych – profilaktyka

    Author: Karolina Szymaniak
    Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8030-0550
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 228-239
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201913
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201913.pdf

    The phenomenon of addiction to psychoactive substances is a global social problem. The problem concerns people of all ages, regardless of social status, gender or origin, with too many populations experimenting with intoxicants. The spreading phenomenon is increasingly affecting adolescents who, in the age of development and accessibility, are becoming a frequent consumer of consciousness-changing agents. The aim of the article is to approximate preventive measures that will reduce and eliminate the phenomenon of consumption of psychoactive substances by young people. The publication also addresses the issue of contemporary problems and threats that young people face in everyday life, as well as helps to find out the reasons for the use of toxic substances by adolescents. A significant part of the article is devoted to the role of the family, which plays a preventive role in eliminating the phenomenon. Not without significance is the school environment in which young people spend a significant amount of time. Preventive programs are also presented, which reduce the consumption of narcotic substances by adolescents.

  • Skok generacyjny Sił Zbrojnych Państwa Środka. Chiny przygotowują się do rozszerzenia sfery wpływów

    Author: Sławomir Kałuziński
    Institution: Siły Powietrzne
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6301-4109
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 240-256
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201914
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201914.pdf

  • Decoding state fragility : Recent trends and developments (2015–2019)

    Author: Daria Vilkova
    Institution: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5384-6884
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 41-52
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020303
    PDF: rop/13/rop1303.pdf

    The article highlights the main developments in the study of state fragility in the period between 2015 and 2019. The goal is to cover the main trends in the study of the subject as well as the most prominent projects of recent years. The article presents the main findings and recommendations of different international agencies, including the reports by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, LSE-Oxford Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development, United States Institute for Peace Fragility Study Group and the Task Force on Extremism in Fragile States. The article covers the main approaches to state fragility, recent academic novelties and trends in the field. Among these is popularizing the notion of resilience in a set of OECD States of Fragility reports. The fragility trap and regarding state fragility as a syndrome with a set of symptoms is analyzed on the basis of the Commission on State Fragility report. The US agencies’ attitude is also taken into account. The preventive approach towards extremism and fragile states as well as the steps to be taken by different agencies together with international partners are covered in this article. Fragility Study Group, the Task Force on Extremism in Fragile States, and Global Fragility Act are analyzed as interconnected and a part of the same doctrine and political strategy towards the four-S framework implementation. The article acknowledges the continuity in the work of different research groups that culminated in the Global Fragility Act. The need to reconsider previous approaches to the root causes of state fragility is emphasized. The importance of coordinated prevention in fragile states and conflict-affected areas is seen as critical for international security. The article also traces recent adjustments in the attitude toward the main gaps in state functions and the views on the root causes of state fragility and ways to combat the issue and the emerging security, political and economic threats.

  • Profilaktyka społeczna jako działalność intensyfikująca odporność psychiczną

    Author: Karol Łukowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3057-792X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 211-225
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.12
    PDF: kie/133/kie13312.pdf

    Social prevention as an activity to intensify mental resilience

    Preventive activities prevent emerging social problems, using various methods and tools for work. This article will introduce the idea of conducting social prevention using paintball and survival, as tools for therapeutic work. Social prevention based on the elements of survival has the nature of recreational activities that prepare participants to take action in difficult conditions and to look for ways to deal with their own weaknesses. In research on strengthening mental resilience, I adopt the concept of grounded theory, based on interviews and participant observation. Social prophylaxis with elements of paintball and the art of survival has features that strengthen mental resilience, teach self-confidence and persistence. Movement prophylaxis uses human potential, energy, and verve to make the best use of these elements in the practical experience of life. Physical activity causes positive changes in human functioning and teaches how to react to difficult situations. The aim of the article is to provide research knowledge on the strength of mental resilience from paintball players who organize preventive measures. The developed materials will be used to build an alternative vision of spending free time for children, adolescents, and their parents.

  • On Giving Meaning to Family Life: An Educational Essay

    Author: Katarzyna Segiet
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3044-1814
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-24
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.01
    PDF: kie/132/kie13201.pdf

    The author addresses cognitively important issues concerning values and activities conducive to their development in the family, which is the basic factor in shaping the personality of a child. We are living in the times of globalization, when the importance of family and values passed on by it are being underestimated in various ways. Globalization has caused an enormous confusion of values. The old, traditional values are often outdated, while the new, incomprehensible ones, interfere with the process of upbringing. Additionally, relativism dominating the society has become the basis for blurring the boundaries between what is moral and what is immoral. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the special role of values in the process of upbringing and to stimulate actions supporting the family through education and prevention. The above considerations lead to the conclusion that the family is an important value in the life of a child. It constitutes their most important environment for development and upbringing. Nevertheless, it requires help and support from the state. But above all, we cannot just be passive witnesses of our children’s development these days.

  • Capacity of the Family System for Peer Violence Prevention

    Author: Sladjana N. Zuković
    Institution: University of Novi Sad
    Author: Daliborka R. Popović
    Institution: University of Kragujevac
    Author: Senka D. Slijepčević
    Institution: University of Novi Sad
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 161-171
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.19.56.2.13
    PDF: tner/201902/tner5613.pdf

    The paper presents research findings concerning desired parental activities for peer violence prevention. An instrument was created for the purpose of this research, and study sample comprised 480 participants, including 170 parents, 94 teachers and 206 students. Activities perceived as more important were open communication and greater control of children’s behavior, while parents’ participation in school was assessed as less important. The “School without violence” program was recognized as a significant resource for empowering family activities in peer violence prevention. This implies that it is important to implement family support programs and to develop parents’ skills.

  • Theoretical and Empirical Bases of Social Pedagogues’ Socio-Pedagogical Activities in the Slovak Republic

    Author: Mário Dulovics
    Institution: Matej Bel University
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 157-167
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.14.36.2.12
    PDF: tner/201402/tner3612.pdf

    Despite the fact that the legislation of the Slovak Republic enables social pedagogues to perform activities in schools, at present the socio-pedagogical work in school is performed to a minimum extent. This contribution aims to highlight its benefit not only in the local but also in the society-wide scale. It specifies in more detail possibilities for activities of a social pedagogue in preventing and dealing with socio-pathological phenomena in the school environment. Its aim is to point out to the necessity of establishing the profession of the social pedagogue in schools as a significant element of professionalisation of prevention of various forms of pupils’ deviant behaviour.

  • Aggressive Education of Children in the Family Environment

    Author: Grażyna Poraj
    Institution: University of Łódź
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 162-181
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.10
    PDF: kie/105/kie10510.pdf

    Children’s individual experience gained within families may lead to the development of both prosocial and aggressive behaviours. The aim of the paper is to analyse the phenomenon of aggression in the family environment. Extensive specialist literature indicates that there are often many co-occurring factors that determine child aggression. Children live in a dysfunctional family, in conditions of poverty and parental pathology, experience parental hostility and violence, are neglected, their vital biological and psychological needs are not met, they undergo inadequate upbringing training. They also experience aggression in sibling relations. Thus, the family provides them with comprehensive aggressive education for years. An important issue is to prevent and control aggression in the family. It is not easy and requires actions at three levels: social, individual and family. The article also presents an interesting intervention model in a sibling aggression situation.

  • Modern challenges in combating rape, harassment and other criminal offences against sexual freedom

    Author: Liliya Timofieieva
    Institution: National University «Odesa Law Academy»
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-6587
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 108-121
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2022307
    PDF: rop/21/rop2107.pdf

    Obviously harassment problems are circulated throughout the world. According to Sustainable development goals, ending all discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, it’s crucial for sustainable future. Organizations should talk about past experiences of harassment. The best way to deal with sexual crime is reduce fear of talking about it. Management should demonstrate the importance of this issue, and the victim should not fear being fired or demoted. This issue concerns violence by men against women, women against men, as well as violence against women by women, and men against men. Violence is often driven by a desire for power. This is not only about sexual abuse, but also psychological abuse. All this undoubtedly affects the quality of a person’s work and life. Also government should focus their attention on implement international standards in this sphere. In particular some aspect of these standards had already been adopted in legislation by the government of Ukraine. For sure this is a crucial instrument to prevent sexual crime. However, as reality shows, this does deter neither people nor corporations from infringements. The issue of harassment was especially acute in connection with the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine (from 24 February, 2022). The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, in force since July 2002, includes rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or “any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity” as a crime against humanity when it is committed in a widespread or systematic way. Women have become particularly vulnerable as men are taken to the front and left alone with the children. They are often subjected to violence by the occupiers. They are vulnerable during traveling abroad as well. Criminals take advantage of this situation and use women for trafficking and sexual exploitation.

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