propaganda

  • Kreowanie rzeczywistości w filmach dokumentalnych. Kazsus Leni (Helene Amalie Berthy) Riefenstahl na podstawie produkcji Triumf woli i Olympia

    Author: mgr Aleksandra Jeż
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    Author: dr Dominika Narożna
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 106-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201706
    PDF: siip/16/siip1606.pdf

    Creating of reality in propaganda documentaries. The case of Leni (Helene Amalie Berthy) Riefenstahl on the basis of Triumph of the Will and Olympia

    The aim of this article is to present the biography of a film director- L. Riefenstahl, with an emphasis on her propaganda documentary works by the example of two documentaries: “Triumph of the Will” and “Olympia”. The thesis stated by the authors of this article is about creating reality by L. Riefenstahl. The authors present the propaganda techniques used by the director in her documentaries. The authors base this work on the analysis of audiovisual productions, historical method and finally- deduction. L. Riefenstahl was the artist with a great experience. As the director, not only was she innovative and unconventional, but also she was able to use and transfer her experience gained on other fields of her own life onto audiovisual productions. Therefore, the critics value Riefenstahl’s works due to their innovatory character and technical nuances. Although L. Riefenstahl is one of the most talented documentary directors, still, vast majority of her films were vile propaganda at the service of the 3rd Reich. Worshipping Hitler, love of symbols and faith in NSDAP is highly visible in Riefenstahl’s works.

  • Russian Phobia or a Real Threat? Propaganda-Related Elements of Russian Information Warfare in Ukraine and Their Implications for Euro-Atlantic Security

    Author: Anna Antczak
    Institution: Academy of Finance and Business Vistula in Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 163-178
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.10
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5610.pdf

    The article discusses Russian information warfare focusing mainly on propaganda issues, which were used during the conflict in Ukraine, and tries to find an answer to the question of to what extent these undertakings are dangerous to Euro-Atlantic security. It provides a political background of the conflict in order to better understand why Russia is using particular information warfare tools. The article analyzes manipulation techniques and the use of specific elements of Russian identity such as the attitude to history and the role of the Orthodox Church. Finally, it discusses a possible influence these actions may have on security and stability of the EU and NATO and their particular member states.

  • Alternative diplomacy and the political role of clerical elites: The Roman Catholic Church as an ideological counterforce in interwar Banat

    Author: Mihai A. Panu
    Institution: West University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 347-358
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019210
    PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019210.pdf

    In interwar Romania, non-political institutions played a decisive role in the process of containing the expansion of totalitarian ideologies. The two major colliding ideological forces, National Socialism and Communism, rapidly reshaped the European sociopolitical profile after World War I and caused an unprecedented long-term deterioration of various intergovernmental relations. The Banat region was systematically exposed to external ideological factors due to the fact that its heterogeneous ethno-cultural profile allowed a rapid proliferation of political ideas and programs.

  • The Image of the North Korean in Contemporary South Korean Cinema

    Author: Roman Husarski
    Institution: Jagiellonian University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 431-446
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019303
    PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019303.pdf

    Confidential Assignment (Kongjo, Kim Sung-hoon), released on January 18, 2017 between DPRK nuclear tests, tells a story of two special agents. One is from North Korea and the other one from South Korea, and they unite to fight against a common enemy. Extraordinarily, the North Korean agent is portrayed as more formidable than his South Korean counterpart who is unable to match him in every field. Also, the North Korean agent is portrayed by a Korean super star, Hyun-Bin. In this paper, I analyze two other similarly themed movies: The Net (Kŭmul, Kim Ki-Duk) and Steel Rain (Kangch’ŏlbi, Yang Wooseok). All of them were released recently and were huge commercial successes in South Korea. The aim of the following paper is to show and analyze the evolution of the image of North Korean characters in South Korean cinema. During the analysis, the question of how the change from villain to super hero was possible is answered. The way in which the movies talk about inter-Korean relations and how they portray both countries is particularly important to understand the current political sentiments in the Peninsula and how it can affect the Moon Jae-in presidency.

  • #AllEyesOnISIS – wybrane aspekty kultury dżihadyzmu na przykładzie działalności Państwa Islamskiego

    Author: Marta Sara Stempień
    Institution: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 74-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.65.05
    PDF: apsp/65/apsp6505.pdf

    Kultura dżihadyzmu to nowa kategoria, która wymaga konceptualizacji. Z uwagi na szeroki zakres definicyjny w najbliższym czasie zapewne pozostanie ona polem sporu badaczy. Jedynym całościowym opracowaniem bezpośrednio dotyczącym kultury dżihadyzmu jest monografia Jihadi Culture, pod redakcją Thomasa Hegghammera (Heggehamer, 2017). Wcześniejsze opracowania odnoszą się przede wszystkim do poszczególnych fragmentów tego fenomenu, tj. poezja, ikonografia, muzyka, filmografia czy nagrania video. Niniejszy artykuł ma postać studium przypadku. Kultura dżihadyzmu została w nim ukazana przez pryzmat struktury Państwa Islamskiego, w oparciu o wybrane przykłady. W związku z tym, że na kulturę dżihadyzmu składa się wiele elementów, niniejsze opracowanie nie aspiruje do miana wyczerpującego. Ukazuje kulturę dżihadyzmu IS jedynie poprzez niewielki fragment działalności tej struktury, co może stanowić początek badań nad tym aspektem funkcjonowania struktur dżihadystycznych, również tych o niesalafickiej orientacji.

  • Illuminating Shanghai: Light, Heritage, Power

    Author: Karolina Pawlik
    E-mail: karolinapawlik88@gmail.com
    Institution: USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1847-9174
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 54-74
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020304
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020304.pdf

    This paper explores the complex connection between heritage, light and power in Shanghai since the late 19th Century, and seeks a new understanding of how mutually coupled legacies of modernity, socialism and cosmopolitanism continue to shape this city’s unique identity and image. It focuses on the recent ideological remake of the skyline along the Huangpu River, achieved largely through the flamboyant illumination designed in 2018. Combining a number of visual and textual sources with fieldwork, it reveals the persistent symbolic role the city has played in a triumphant socialist cause, and assesses how past promises of a new Shanghai and a bright future for China have been sustained in the Reform Era. It forms a preliminary attempt to depict what the author argues should be perceived and studied as the engineering of a new propaganda medium which intersects with urban space governance. The implications of this project are discussed in the context of the threats and opportunities for Shanghai in terms of maintaining the city’s unique character and meaning coming from its own history and culture, rather than in terms of Shanghai simply being a vehicle for China’s modernity.

  • Formy i efektywność rosyjskiego oddziaływania informacyjnego na Białorusi

    Author: Aliaksandr Kazak
    Institution: Belarusian Analytical Workroom
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 240-251
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202012
    PDF: cip/18/cip1812.pdf

    W artykule zaprezentowano formułę rosyjskiego oddziaływania propagandowego jakiemu państwo rosyjskie poddaje obywateli Białorusi. Wskazano cele i grupy docelowe tego oddziaływania, dokonano oceny ich efektywności oraz przedstawiono możliwe formy reakcji, mającej na celu przygotowanie Białorusinów do umiejętnego dostrzegania działań mających na celu dezinformację, manipulację i kształtowanie opinii publicznej zgodnie z rosyjskimi celami politycznymi.

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