LITERATURE AND THE SACRED SCRIPTURES. BIBLICAL REFERENCES IN SELECTED WORKS OF 20TH-CENTURY ITALIAN PROSE
this essay examines biblical references, inspirations and motifs in 20th-century Italian prose. It investigates the longstanding significance of the Sacred Scripture as one of the fundaments of Western civilisation and the Scripture’s changing influence on the imagination and sensibilities of modern Italian writers; it also attempts to provide an explanation of this trend. the Bible, a source of inspiration with extensive historical presence and numerous translations, has been met with multiple interpretations extending far beyond its purely theological dimension. It has shaped european cultural heritage in terms of its themes as well as its languages, symbols, concepts and metaphors, which have permeated european works of culture in the centuries past. the Bible has encouraged creators, including authors, to continue to operate within its tradition, albeit outside the strict confines of faith itself. It is a timeless code not just because of its longstanding presence, but also because it cannot be dismissed out of hand if we are to understand not simply the works of great, world-renowned classics, and those shaped by religion in particular, but notably the works of modern writers of both Christian and secular backgrounds.